Basel Convention Legal References

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Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal (1989)

Secondary Legal Sources

Allen, Mark E., Slowing Europe's hazardous waste trade: implementing the Basel convention into European Union law, 6 Colorado Journal of International Environmental Law and Policy 163 Winter (1995).

Basel Convention on the Export of Waste: Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Transportation and Hazardous Materials of the House Committee on Energy and Commerce, 102d Congress, 1st Session 153 (1991).

Biggs, Gonzalo, Latin America and the Basel convention on hazardous wastes, 5 Colorado Journal of International and Environmental Law and Policy 333 Summer (1994).

Convention on the ban of the import into Africa and the control of transboundary movement and management of hazardous wastes within Africa, done Jan. 29, 1991, 30 International Legal Materials 773.

Developments in the Law: International Environmental Law, 104 Harvard Law Review 1484 (1991).

Donald, S.W., The Bamako convention as a solution to the problem of hazardous waste exports to less developed countries, 17 Columbia Journal of Environmental Law 419 (1992).

Doyle, William N., United States implementation of the Basel convention: time keeps ticking, ticking away ..., 9 Temple International and Comparative Law Journal 141 Spring (1995).

Draft protocol to Basel convention would address claims made by damage victims, 16 International Environmental Reporter 669 (Sept. 22, 1993).

Engfer, V. L., G.A. Partida, T.C. Vernon, A. Toulet and D.A. Renas, By-Products of prosperity: transboundary hazardous waste issues confronting the maquiladora industry, 28 San Diego Law Review 819 (1991).

Final act of the Basel convention on the control of transboundary movements of hazardous wastes and their disposal. 1989 International Legal Materials 28:657.

Forster, M., Hazardous waste: towards international agreement, 12 Environmental policy and law 64 (1984).

Frey, A.E., International transport of hazardous wastes. 33 Environmental Science and Technology no 5:509 (1989).

Galli, Craig D., Hazardous exports to the Third World: the need to abolish the double standard, 12 Columbia Journal of Environmental Law 71 (1987)

Godwin, Diana L. The Basel convention on transboundary movements of hazardous wastes: an opportunity for industrialized nations to clean up their acts?, 22 Denver Journal of International Law and Policy 193 Fall (1993).

Hackett, David P., An assessment of the Basel convention on the control of transboundary movements of hazardous wastes and their disposal, 5 American University Journal of International Law and Policy 291 (1990).

Handl, Gunther and Robert E. Lutz, An international policy perspective on the trade of hazardous materials and technologies, 30 Harvard International Law Journal 351 (1989).

Handl, Gunther and Robert E. Lutz, Transferring Hazardous Technologies and Substances: The International Legal Challenges (Grahm and Trotman eds. 1989).

Handley, F. James, Hazardous waste exports: a leak in the system of international legal controls, 19 Environmental Law Reporter 10171 (1989).

Hearings on the Basel Convention before the Subcommittee on environmental Protection of the Comm. On Environment and Public Works, 102d Congress, 1st Session (1991).

Helfenstein, A., U.S. controls on international disposal of hazardous wastes, 3 The International Lawyer 775 (Winter 1991).

Hilz, Christoph and ? Radka, The Basel convention on transboundary movement of hazardous wastes and their disposal, In Nine Case Studies in International Environmental Negotiation 75 (L. Susskind et al. Eds., 1990)

Hilz, Christoph and John R. Ehrenfeld, Transboundary movements of hazardous waste: a comparative analysis of policy options to control the international waste trade, 3 International Environmental Affairs 26 (1991).

Howard, Kathleen, The Basel Convention: control of transboundary movements of hazardous wastes and their disposal. 14 Hastings International and Comparative Law Review 223 (1990).

Huntoon, Barbara D., Emerging controls on transfer of hazardous waste to developing countries. 21 Law and Policy in International Business 247 (1989).

Jans, J.H., Waste policy and European Community law: does the EEC treaty provide a sustainable framework for regulating waste? 20 Ecology Law Quarterly 165 (1993).

Jones, Wordsworth Filo, The evolution of the Bamako convention : an African Perspective, 4 Colorado Journal of International Environmental Law and Policy 324 (1993).

Johnson, Stephen, The Basel convention: the shape of things to come for U.S. exports?, 21 Environmental Law 299 (1991).

Kiss, Alexandre, The international control of transboundary movement of hazardous waste, 26 Texas International Law Journal 521 (1991).

Kratz, Grant L., Implementing the Basel convention into U.S. law: will it help or hinder recycling efforts?, 6 B.Y.U. J. Pub. L. 323 (1992).

Kummer, Katherina and Iwona Rummel-Bulska, The Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal (1990).

Kummer, Katherina, The international regulation of transboundary traffic in hazardous wastes: The 1989 Basel convention, 41 International and Comparative Law Quarterly 530 (1992).

Kurkela, M. International regulation of transfrontier hazardous waste shipments: a new EC environmental directive, 21 Texas International Law Journal 85 (1986).

Kwiatowska and A. Soons (eds.) Transboundary Movement and Disposals of Hazardous Wastes in International Law: Basic Documents (1993).

Long, W.L., Economic aspects of transport and disposal of hazardous wastes, 14 Maritime Policy 199 (1990).

Maes, Denise, Transboundary waste dumping: the United States and Mexico take a stand, 27 Natural Resources Journal 941 (1987).

Millman, Joel, Exporting hazardous waste: from developed to third world nations, Tech. Rev. April 1989 at 6.

Moisé, E., La convention de Bâle sur les mouvements transfrontières de déchets dangereux, 93 R.G.D.I.P. 899 (1989).

Mounter, Thomas R., Codifying Basel convention obligations into U.S. law: the Waste Export Control Act. 21 environmental Law Reporter 10085 (February 1991).

Murphy, Sean D., Prospective liability regimes for the transboundary movement of hazardous wastes, 88 American Journal of International Law 24 (1994).

Neff, Alan, Not in their backyards, either, 17 Ecology Law Quarterly 401 (1990).

Obstler, Peter, Toward a working solution to global pollution: importing CERCLA to regulate the export of hazardous waste, 16 Yale Journal of International Law 73 (1991).

Okaru, Valentina O., The Basel convention: controlling the movement of hazardous wastes to developing countries, 4 Fordham Environmental Law Reporter 137 Spring (1993).

Organization of African Unity: Bamako Convention on the ban of the import into Africa and the control of transboundary movement and the management of hazardous wastes within Africa, 30 International Legal Materials 773 (May 1991).

Ouguergouz, F., La convention de Bamako sur l'interdiction d'importer en Afrique des déchets dangereux et sur le contrôle des mouvements transfrontières et la gestion des déchets danfereux produits en Afrique, A.F.D.I., 871 (1992).

Ovink, B. John, Transboundary shipments of toxic waste: the Basel and Bamako conventions: do Third World countries have a choice?, 13 Dickinson Journal of International Law 281 (1995).

Rose, E.C., Transboundary harm: hazardous waste management problems and Mexico's maquiladoras, 23 International Law 223 (1989).

Rosenthal, Robert M., Ratification of the Basel convention: why the United States should adopt the no less environmentally sound standard, 11 Temple Environmental and Tech. Journal 61 Spring (1992).

Rozelsky, Kurt M., European economic communities -- environmental policy legal basis and international implications of council regulations on the supervision and control of shipments of hazardous waste, 23 Georgia Journal of International and Comparative Law 111 (1993).

Rublack, Susanne, Controlling trans-boundary movements of hazardous waste: the evolution of a global convention, 13 Fletcher Forum 113 (1989).

Scagnelli, J., International Hazardous Waste Management - Emerging Trends?, 9 Int. Constr.L.Rev. 394 (1991).

Schmidt, Alke, Transboundary movements of waste under EC law: the emerging regulatory framework, 4 Journal of Environmental Law 57 (1992).

Shearer, H. And C. Russell, Comparative analysis of the Basel and Bamako conventions on hazardous waste, 23 Northwestern Environmental Law 141 (1993).

Sebek, V., International legal regulation of trade in toxic waste, its transport and disposal, in A. Postiglione (ed.), Per un Tribumale Internazionale del Ambiente (1990).

Smets, H., Transfrontier movements of hazardous wastes: an examination of the council decision and recommendation, 14 Environmental Policy and Law 16 (1985).

Smith, John Thomas II, The challenges of environmentally sound and efficient regulation of waste -- the need for enhanced international understanding, 5 Journal of Environmental Law 91 (1993).

Sperling, Lawrence I. and Ira Feldman, The transboundary movement of hazardous waste: implementation and enforcement of control regimes in the European community, 22 Environmental Law Reporter.

United Nations officials see Basel Treaty as 'limping' into effect with limited support, 15 International Environment Daily 275 May 22, 1992. Available in Lexis

Van Aelstyn, N., North-South controversy mounts around the international movement of hazardous waste, 1 R.E.C.I.E.L. 340 (1992).

Vilcheck, Michelle M., The controls of the transfrontier movement of hazardous waste from developed to developing nations: The goal of a "level playing field", 11 Northwestern Journal of International Law and Business 643 (1991).

Von Lersner, H., Requirements on waste disposal in Europe, 20 Environmental Policy and Law 211 (1990).

Walsh, Maureen T., The global trade in hazardous wastes: domestic and international attempts to cope with a growing crisis in waste management, 42 Cath. U. Law Review 103 (1992).

Wasserman, Ursula, Attempts at control over toxic waste, 15 Journal of World Trade Law 410 (1981).

Worrell, Danny, Issues and policy considerations regarding hazardous waste exports, 11 Hous. Journal of International Law 373 (1989).

Wynne, B., The toxic waste trade: international regulatory issues and opinions, 11 Third World quarterly 3 (1989).


U.S. AND U.N. DOCUMENTS

Bernthal, Frederick M. 1988. U.S. Views on Waste Exports. Current Policy, no. 1095. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. of State, Bureau of Public Affairs.

Bernthal, Frederick M. [1989]. Recognizing the global nature of environmental problems. Current Policy, no. 1198. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. of State, Bureau of Public Affairs.

Smith, R. J. 1991, Support for the convention on control of international hazardous waste movement. US Department of State Dispatch 2:770-2.

United Nations Environment Programme. 1984. Hazardous Waste Storage and Disposal in the South Pacific. Geneva, Switzerland: UNEP.

1989. Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Waste and Their Disposal. 22 March. Basel, Switzerland: UNEP.

U.S. Department of State. 1986. Agreement of cooperation between the United States of America and the United Mexican States regarding the transboundary shipments of hazardous wastes and hazardous substances. 12 November. (Annex III to Agreement between the United States of America and the United Mexican States on Cooperation for the Protection and Improvement of the Environment in the Border Area. 14 August. TIAS no. 10827. United States Treaties and Other International Agreements.

U.S. Dept. of State. [1993].Pollution, Transfrontier Movements of Hazardous Wastes: Decision Between the United States of America and Other Governments, Done at Paris March 30, 1992. Washington, D.C.: Department of State.

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of the Inspector General. 1988. EPA's Program to Control Exports of Hazardous Wastes. Washington, D.C.: US EPA.

U.S. General Accounting Office. 1991. Hazardous waste: U.S. and Mexican Management of Hazardous Waste From Maquiladoras Hampered by Lack of Information: Statement of Richard L. Hembra before the Environment, Energy, and Natural Resources Subcommittee. Washington, D.C.: U.S. General Accounting Office.

U.S. House. Committee on Energy and Commerce. Subcommittee on Transportation and Hazardous Materials . 1989. Waste Export Control: Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Transportation and Hazardous Materials on H.R. 2525, July 27, 1989. 101 Cong. 1st sess.

1992. Basel Convention on the Export of Waste: Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Transportation and Hazardous Materials of the Committee on Energy and Commerce ... on H.R. 2358, H.R. 2398, and H.R. 2580, Bills to Amend the Solid Waste Disposal Act, October 10, 1991. 102d Cong. 2 sess.

Committee on Foreign Affairs. Subcommittee on Human Rights and International Organizations. 1989. U.S. Waste Exports: Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Human Rights and International Organizations and the Subcommittee on International Economic Policy and Trade of the Committee on Foreign Affairs ... July 12, 1989. 101st Cong. 1st sess.

Committee on Government Operations. Environment, Energy, and Natural Resources Subcommittee. 1989. International Export of U.S. Waste: Hearing Before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations ...July 14, 1988. 100th Cong. 2d sess.

1991. U.S. Waste Trade with Mexico and Canada: Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Environment, Energy and Natural Resources to Examine Regulatory Issues Relating to the Transportation of Hazardous Wastes across the U.S./Mexican and U.S./Canadian Borders. 101st Cong. 2d sess.

1993. United States Waste Trade with Mexico and Canada: Hearing Before the Environment, Energy, and Natural Resources ... November 21, 1991. 102d Cong. 1st sess.

U.S. President. 1991. Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal: Message from the President of the United States Transmitting the Basel Convention of the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal, With Annexes, Done at Basel on March 22, 1989. Washington, D.C.: GPO.

U.S. Senate. Committee on Environment and Public Works. Subcommittee on Hazardous Wastes and Toxic Substances. 1988. Application of the National Environmental Policy Act to U.S. Participation in Actions of International Financial Institutions: Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Hazardous Wastes and Toxic Substances ... June 16, 1988. 100th Cong. 2d sess.

Committee on Foreign Relations.1991. Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal: Report to Accompany Treaty Doc. 102-5. 2d Cong. 2d session. Exec. Rept. 102-36.

1992. Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal: Hearing Before the Committee on Foreign Relations ... March 12, 1992. 102d Cong. 2d sess.