Difference between revisions of "Country Status"

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OECD (33)
 
OECD (33)
 
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Summary Explanation of Table Listings:
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General Note: Due to the constant change in status of various treaties, amendments and protocols, the Basel Action Network cannot ensure the absolute accuracy of all of these listings in this table. We therefore appreciate those that will call our attention to any errors or changes in status to assist us in updating the table as accurately and as timely as possible.
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Basel Convention: ”The Basel Convention on the Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal” was adopted on 21 March 1989 and went into force on 5 May 1992. It establishes a framework of control over the transboundary movements of hazardous wastes.
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If a country has joined the treaty through the deposit of ratification (r), accession (a), acceptance (A) or Approval (AA) they are considered Parties as of the indicated date of deposit. The total number of such Parties is listed. If a country has signed the treaty but has not yet ratified it, this is indicated by the word “signature”.
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“Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD): When the Parties to the Convention sought to make an economic distinction between developed and developing countries in Decision II/12, they chose the divider line established by the OECD — a group which currently has 34 members and and for the most part represent the more highly developed and industrialized countries. This group by far produces the most hazardous waste (estimated at 90%) and by far has the most resources to ensure that it is dealt with responsibly at home. Thus the Basel Ban Decision and Amendment were meant to apply only to these countries. In 1995, the Parties created Annex VII and included the EU countries as well as Liechtenstein (an EFTA member country).
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European Union: The Basel Convention allows political or economic integration organizations to join the Convention as Parties to it. The European Commission of the European Economic Community, now known as the European Union, has ratified the Convention as have most of their member states. When it comes time to vote in the Convention, ordinarily the European Commission has the competence to vote the 27 votes of the member states plus one vote for the Commission as a bloc of 28. While the competence over ratification of the treaty itself or its amendments remains the subject of some controversy, it is generally accepted that the European Commission possesses the competence for ratification or accession especially over treaties related to trade. With respect to the Basel Ban Amendment which the Commission has ratified while individual member states have not all taken the somewhat redundant step of likewise ratifying, our table records the Commission and all of the EU countries which (in total 28), while not all having deposited individual ratifications, nevertheless are bound by the Basel Ban as having “Implemented!” it in national law as required by the Waste Shipment Regulation of the European Union.
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European Economic Agreement: Additionally the countries of Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway, all members of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) are also bound by the implementation legislation 259/93 and amendments (see below) due to their obligations under the trade linking agreement between EFTA and the EU known as the European Economic Agreement (EEA). As Norway has ratified the Basel Ban Amendment outright, it is listed as a ratifier of the Basel Ban Amendment while Iceland and Liechtenstein are listed as having implemented it.
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Basel Ban:
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Decision II/12: This decision was passed by a consensus of the 66 Parties at the Second Conference of Parties of the Basel Convention on 25 March 1994. All exports of hazardous wastes from OECD to non-OECD countries would be banned. The ban takes place immediately for final disposal, and for those wastes bound for recycling destinations, the ban would take effect on 31 December 1997.
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An X on the table indicates the country joined in the consensus decision.
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Decision III/1 and Annex VII : This decision was passed by a consensus of the Parties present at the Third Conference of Parties of the Basel Convention on 22 September 1995. It has been determined that there were 87 Parties at that time. The decision established an amendment to the Convention to establish a new Article 4A and an Annex VII. The article obligates Parties that are listed on Annex VII (country members of the OECD, EU and Liechtenstein) to ban exports of hazardous wastes to all countries not listed on Annex VII. The ban would take place immediately for final disposal, and for those wastes bound for recycling destinations, the ban would take effect on 31 December 1997. The Amendment will go into force when 66 countries (3/4ths of the 87 Parties at that time) have ratified it.
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An X on the table, indicates the country joined in the consensus decision in 1995. The word “Ratified” and the country flag indicates that the country has deposited its ratification. The word “Implemented” indicates that the country has not ratified but has in fact implemented the agreement in its national policies or laws. However for a full count of ratifications visit the Deposit Box.
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Regional /National Agreements:
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Bamako Convention: “The Bamako Convention on the ban on the Import into Africa and the Control of Transboundary Movement and Management of Hazardous Wastes within Africa,” adopted on 29 January 1991, in Bamako, Mali, prohibits the import into Africa of any hazardous, including radioactive, wastes, as well as products which have been banned, cancelled or withdrawn from registration for environmental or health reasons. The Convention entered into force on April 22, 1998.
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http://www.africa-union.org/root/au/Documents/Treaties/List/Bamako Convention.pdf
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The word “Bamako” in the table indicates a country that has ratified the Bamako Convention.
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EU Waste Shipment Regulation: The Regulation (EC) No. 1013/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 June 2006 on shipments of waste implements the Basel Convention and the Basel Ban Amendment (III/1) as well as the relevant OECD agreements into binding EU law applicable in all EU member states and EFTA member states by virtue of the EEA agreement.
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The letters “EU” in the table indicates a member state of the European Union for which the above regulation is binding law.
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WEEE Regulation (as Recast with new Annex VI on Shipments)
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Central American Agreement: The Central American Agreement on Hazardous Waste “Acuerdo Regional sobre MovimientoTransfronterizo de Desechos Peligrosos” signed in December of 1992 by the Cumbre de Presidentes del Istmo Centroamericano, creates a ban on the import of all hazardous wastes into the Central American region. The agreement is understood to currently be binding on all 6 member states. The Agreement defines hazardous waste as does the Bamako Convention above.
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The letters “CAA” in the table indicates a member state for which the agreement is in force.
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Waigani Convention: “The Convention to Ban the Importation into Forum Island Countries of Hazardous and Radioactive Wastes and to Control the Transboundary Movement and Management of Hazardous Wastes within the South Pacific Region” was adopted on the 16 September 1995, in Waigani, Papua New Guinea by the South Pacific Forum States. The treaty prohibits each Pacific Island developing Party from importing all hazardous and radioactive wastes from outside of the Convention area. Australia and New Zealand are prohibited from exporting hazardous or radioactive wastes to all other South Pacific Forum Island countries. The Convention is now in force.
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The word “Waigani” in the table indicates a country which has signed the Convention.
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Izmir Protocol: The Parties to the Convention for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea against Pollution, (Barcelona Convention) adopted the “Protocol on the Prevention of Pollution of the Mediterranean Sea by Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal” (Izmir Protocol) on 1 October 1996 in Izmir, Turkey. The protocol prohibits the export of hazardous and radioactive wastes to non-OECD countries and those Parties that are not members of the European Community are prohibited from importing hazardous and radioactive wastes. For the purposes of this protocol, Monaco is considered to part of the OECD and the European Community. The protocol is in force.
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The word “Izmir” in the table indicates a country that has ratified the protocol.
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National Bans: While it is difficult to keep track of all national legislation banning imports or exports of hazardous wastes we have included ones known to exist.

Revision as of 11:37, 25 April 2014

Country (Annex VII shaded) Basel Party Ban Decision II/12 Ban Decision III/1 National/Regional Waste Trade Agreements
Afghanistan signature
Albania 29 Jun 1999 (a) Albania Flag.gif

Ratified!
27 Oct 2005 (A)

Izmir, National
Algeria 15 Sep 1998 (a)
Andorra 23 Jul 1999 (a) Andorra Flag.gif

Ratified!
23 Jul 1999 (A)

Angola
Antigua and Barbuda 05 Apr 1993 (a) X X
Argentina 27 Jun 1991 (r) X X National
Armenia 01 Oct 1999 (a)
Australia 05 Feb 1992 (a) X X OECD, Waigani
Austria 12 Jan 1993 (r) X Austria Flag.gif

Ratified!
17 Oct 1999 (A)

EU, OECD
Azerbaijan 01 Jun 2001 (a)
Bahamas 12 Aug 1992 (a) X X
Bahrain 15 Oct 1992 (r) Bahrain Flag.gif

Ratified!
25 Jul 2005

Bangladesh 01 Apr 1993 (a) X X National
Barbados 24 Aug 1995 (a)
Belarus 10 Dec 1999 (a)
Belgium 01 Nov 1993 (r) X 120px

Ratified!
20 Jun 2003

EU, OECD
Belize 23 May 1997 (a)
Benin 04 Dec 1997 (a) Bamako
Bhutan 26 Aug 2002 (a)
Bolivia 15 Nov 1996 (r) Bolivia Flag.gif

Ratified!
31 Mar 2005

Bosnia/ Herzegovina 16 Mar 2001 (a)
Botswana 20 May 1998 (a) Botswana Flag.gif

Ratified!
17 Jun 2004 (A)

Brazil 01 Oct 1992 (a) X X National
Brunei Darussalam 16 Dec 2002 (a) 120px

Ratified!
16 Dec 2002 (A)

Bulgaria 16 Feb 1996 (a) Bulgaria Flag.gif

Ratified!
15 Feb 2000

EU
Burkina Faso 04 Nov 1999(a)
Burundi 06 Jan 1997 (a) Bamako
Cambodia 02 Mar 2001 (a) National
Cameroon 02 Sep 2001 (a) Bamako, Lomé
Canada 28 Aug 1992 (r) X X OECD
Cape Verde 02 Jul 1999 (a)
Central African Republic 24 Feb 2006 (a)
Chad 10 Mar 2004 (a)
Chile 11 Aug 1992 (r) X

120px
Ratified!
12 Aug 2009 A

National, OECD
China 17 Dec 1991 (r) X 120px

Ratified!
01 May 2001

National
Colombia 31 Dec 1996 (r) National
Comoros 31 Oct 1994 (a) Bamako
Congo Bamako
Congo, Democratic Republic of 06 Oct 1994 (a) Bamako
Cook Islands 29 Jun 2004 (a) 120px

Ratified!
29 Jun 2004 (A)

Waigani
Costa Ricca 07 Mar 1995 (a) X CAA
Cote d'Ivoire 01 Dec 1994 (a) X Bamako
Croatia 09 May 1994 (a) X X
Cuba 03 Oct 1994 (a) X
Cyprus 17 Sep 1992 (r) X 120px

Ratified!
07 Jul 2000 (A)

EU
Czech Republic 30 Sep 1993 (d) X 120px

Ratified!
28 Feb 2000 (A)

EU, OECD
Denmark 06 Feb 1994 (AA) X 120px

Ratified!
10 Sep 1997 (AA)

EU, OECD
Djibouti 31 May 2002 (a)
Dominica 05 May 1998 (a)
Dominican Republic 10 Jul 2000 (a)
Ecuador 23 Feb 1993 (r) X 120px

Ratified!
06 Mar 1998

Egypt 08 Jan 1993 (a) X 120px

Ratified!
27 Jan 2004

Bamako
El Salvador 13 Dec 1991 (r) X X CAA
Equatorial Guinea 07 Feb 2003 (a)
Eritrea 10 Mar 2005 (a)
Estonia 21Jul 1992 (a) X 120px

Ratified!
02 Aug 2001

EU
Ethiopia 12 Apr 2000 (a) 120px

Ratified!
08 Oct 2003

Bamako
European Economic Community* 07 Feb 1994 (AA) X 120px

Ratified!
30 Sep 1997 (AA)

EU, OECD
Fiji Waigani
Finland 19 Nov 1991 (A) X Finland Flag.gif

Ratified!
05 Jun 1996 (A)

EU, OECD
France 07 Jan 1991 (AA) X France Flag.gif

Ratified!
18 Nov 2003 (AA)

EU, OECD
Gabon 6 Jun 2008 (a)
Gambia 15 Dec 1997 (a) Gambia Flag.gif

Ratified!
09 Mar 2001

Bamako
Georgia 20 May 1999 (a)
Germany 21 Apr 1995 (r) X Germany Flag.gif

Ratified!
24 May 2002 (A)

EU, OECD
Ghana 30 May 2003 (a) Ghana Flag.gif

Ratified!
09 Jun 2005

Greece 04 Aug 1994 (r) X Greece Flag.gif

Ratified!
12 Jul 2010

EU, OECD
Grenada
Guatemala 15 May 1995 (r) X CAA
Guinea 26 Apr 1995 (r) X
Guinea Bissau 09 Feb 2005 (a)
Guyana 04 Apr 2001 (a)
Haiti signature
Honduras 27 Dec 1995 (a) CAA
Hungary 21 May 1990 (AA) X Hungary Flag.gif

Ratified!
25 May 2004 (AA)

EU, OECD
Iceland 28 Jun 1995 (a) Iceland Flag.gif

Implemented!

EEA, OECD
India 24 Jun 1992 (r) X X National
Indonesia 20 Sep 1993 (a) X Indonesia Flag.gif

Ratified!
24 Oct 2005

National
Iran, Islamic Republic of 05 Jan 1993 (a) X X National
Iraq
Ireland 07 Feb 1994 (r) X Ireland Flag.gif

Ratified!
13 Nov 2009

EU, OECD
Israel 04 Dec 1994 (r) X OECD
Italy 07 Feb 1994 (r) X Italy Flag.gif

Ratified!
3 March 2009

EU, OECD
Jamaica 23 Jan 2003 (a)
Japan 17 Sep 1993 (a) X X OECD
Jordan 22 Jun 1989 (AA) X Jordan Flag.gif

Ratified!
06 Dec 2004 (AA)

National
Kazakhstan 03 Jun 2003 (a)
Kenya 01 Jun 2000 (a) Kenya Flag.gif

Ratified!
9 Sep 2009 A

Kiribati 07 Sep 2000 (a) Waigani
Korea, Democratic People's Republic of 10 Jul 2008 (a)
Korea, Republic of 28 Feb 1994 (a) X OECD
Kuwait 11 Oct 1993 (r) X Kuwait Flag.gif

Ratified!
12 May 2006

Kyrgyzstan 13 Aug 1996 (a)
Latvia 14 Apr 1992 (a) X

Latvia Flag.gif
Ratified!
18 Dec 2003 (A)

EU
Lebanon 21 Dec 1994 (r) X National
Lesotho 31 May 2000 (a)
Liberia 22 Sep 2004 (a) Liberia Flag.gif

Ratified!
16 Sep 2005 (A)

Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 12 Jul 2001 (a) Bamako
Liechtenstein 27 Jan 1992 (r) X Liechtenstein Flag.gif

Ratified!
20 May 2003 (A)

National
Lithuania 24 Apr 1999 (a) Lithuania Flag.gif

Ratified!
7 Nov 2003 (A)

EU
Luxembourg 07 Feb 1994 (r) X Luxembourg Flag.gif

Ratified!
14 Aug 1997

EU, OECD

Macedonia,
former Yugoslav
Republic of,

16 Feb 1997 (a) Macedonia Flag.gif

Ratified!
18 Nov 2004

Madagascar 02 Jun 1999 (a)
Malawi 21 Apr 1994 (a) X X
Malaysia 08 Oct 1993 (a) X Malaysia Flag.gif

Ratified!
26 Oct 2001

Maldives 28 Apr 1992 (a) X X
Mali 12 May 2000 (a) Bamako
Malta 19 Jun 2000 (a) Malta Flag.gif

Implemented!

EU, Izmir
Marshall Islands 27 Jan 2003 (a)
Mauritania 16 Aug 1996 (a)
Mauritius 24 Nov 1992 (a) X Mauritius Flag.gif

Ratified!
09 Nov 2004

Bamako
Mexico 22 Feb 1991 (r) X X OECD
Micronesia,

Federated States of

06 Sep 1995 (a) Waigani
Moldova, Republic of 02 Jul 1998 (a) Moldova Flag.gif

Ratified!
18 Nov 2008 (A)

Monaco 31 Aug 1992 (a) X X
Mongolia 15 Apr 1997 (a)
Montenegro 23 Oct 2006 (d) Montenegro Flag.gif

Ratified!
23 Oct 2006 (d)

Izmir
Morocco 28 Dec 1995 (a) Morocco Flag.gif

Ratified!
10 Sep 2004 (AA)

Izmir
Mozambique 13 Mar 1997 (a) Bamako
Myanmar
Namibia 15 May 1995 (a) X
Nauru 12 Nov 2001 (a) Waigani
Nepal 15 Oct 1996 (a)
Netherlands 16 Apr 1993 (A) X Netherlands Flag.gif

Ratified!
22 Jan 2001 (A)

EU, OECD
New Zealand 20 Dec 1994 (r) X OECD, Waigani
Nicaragua 03 Jun 1997 (a) CAA
Niger 17 Jun 1998 (a) Bamako
Nigeria 13 Mar 1991 (r) X

Nigeria Flag.gif
Ratified!
24 May 2004

Norway 02 Jul 1990 (r) X Norway Flag.gif

Ratified!
16 Jul 1997 (A)

EEA, National (export ban),

OECD

Oman 08 Feb 1995 (a) Oman Flag.gif
Ratified!
17 May 2004
National
Pakistan 26 Jul 1994 (a) X X National
Panama 22 Feb 1991 (r) Panama Flag.gif

Ratified!
07 Oct 1998

CAA
Papua New Guinea 01 Sep 1995 (a) Lomé, Waigani
Paraguay 28 Sep 1995 (a) Paraguay Flag.gif

Ratified!
28 Aug 1998

National
Peru 23 Nov 1993 (a) X X National
Philippines 21 Oct 1993 (r) X X National
Poland 20 Mar 1992 (r) X Poland Flag.gif

Ratified!
29 Jan 2003 (A)

EU, OECD
Portugal 26 Jan 1994 (r) X Portugal Flag.gif

Ratified!
30 Oct 2000

EU, OECD
Qatar 09 Aug 1995 (a) Qatar Flag.gif

Ratified!
28 Feb 2002

National
Romania 27 Feb 1991 (a) X Romania Flag.gif

Ratified!
17 Jul 2002 (A)

EU, National
Russian Federation 31 Jan 1995 (r) X
Rwanda 07 Jan 2004 (a)
Saint Kitts and Nevis 07 Sep 1994 (a)
Saint Lucia 09 Dec 1993 (a) X 120px

Ratified!
22 Jan 2002

Saint Vincent and Granadines 02 Dec 1996 (a)
Samoa 22 Mar 2002
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 07 Mar 1990 (r) X X
Senegal 10 Nov 1992 (a) X X Bamako
Seychelles 11 May 1993 (a) X X
Sierra Leone
Singapore 02 Jan 1996 (a)
Slovak Republic 28 May 1993 (a) X 120px

Ratified!
11 Sep 1998 (A)

EU,

OECD

Slovenia 07 Oct 1993 (a) X Slovenia Flag.gif

Ratified!
01 Dec 2004

EU, OECD
Solomon Islands Waigani
Somalia
South Africa 05 May 1994 (a) X X
Spain 07 Feb 1994 (r) X Spain Flag.gif

Ratified!
07 Aug 1997 (A)

EU, OECD
Sri Lanka 28 Aug 1992 (a) 120px

Ratified!
29 Jan 1999

Sudan 09 Jan 2006 (a) Bamako
Suriname
Swaziland 08 Aug 2005 (a)
Sweden 02 Aug 1991 (r) X Sweden Flag.gif


Ratified!
10 Sep 1997 (A)

EU, OECD
Switzerland 31 Jan 1990 (r) X Switzerland Flag.gif

Ratified!
07 Nov 2002 (A)

OECD
Syrian Arab Republic 22 Jan 1992 (r) 120px

Ratified!
05 Oct 2004

Thailand 24 Nov 1997 (r)
Togo 02 Jul 2004 (a) Bamako
Tonga Waigani
Trinidad and Tobago 18 Feb 1994 (a) X 120px

Ratified!
12 Jan 2000

Tunisia 11 Oct 1995 (a) Tunisia Flag.gif

Ratified!
26 Mar 1999

Bamako, Izmir
Turkey 22 Jun 1994 (r) X Turkey Flag.gif

Ratified!
27 Aug 2003

Izmir, OECD
Turkmenistan 25 Sep 1996 (a)
Tuvalu Waigani
Uganda 11 Mar 1999 (a) Bamako
Ukraine 08 Oct 1999 (a) National
United Arab Emirates 17 Nov 1992 (r) X
United Kingdom and Northern Ireland 07 Feb 1994 (r) X 120px

Ratified!
13 Oct 1997

EU, OECD
United Republic of Tanzania 07 Apr 1993 (a) X 120px

Ratified!
26 Aug 2002

Bamako
United States signature X OECD
Uruguay 22 Dec 1991 (r) X Uruguay Flag.gif

Ratified!
10 Mar 1999

National
Uzbekistan 07 Feb 1996 (a)
Vanuatu Waigani
Venezuela 03 Mar 1998 (r) National
Viet Nam 13 Mar 1995 (a) X National
Yemen, Republic of 21 Feb 1996 (a)
Yugoslavia 18 Apr 2000 120px

Ratified!
22 Nov 2002 (A)

Zambia 15 Nov 1994 (a) X
Zimbabwe Bamako
TOTALS: 172 Parties 69 Ratified

(2 More Implemented)

Bamako (22)

Izmir (6)
EU (27)
OECD (33)

Summary Explanation of Table Listings:

General Note: Due to the constant change in status of various treaties, amendments and protocols, the Basel Action Network cannot ensure the absolute accuracy of all of these listings in this table. We therefore appreciate those that will call our attention to any errors or changes in status to assist us in updating the table as accurately and as timely as possible.

Basel Convention: ”The Basel Convention on the Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal” was adopted on 21 March 1989 and went into force on 5 May 1992. It establishes a framework of control over the transboundary movements of hazardous wastes.

If a country has joined the treaty through the deposit of ratification (r), accession (a), acceptance (A) or Approval (AA) they are considered Parties as of the indicated date of deposit. The total number of such Parties is listed. If a country has signed the treaty but has not yet ratified it, this is indicated by the word “signature”.

“Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD): When the Parties to the Convention sought to make an economic distinction between developed and developing countries in Decision II/12, they chose the divider line established by the OECD — a group which currently has 34 members and and for the most part represent the more highly developed and industrialized countries. This group by far produces the most hazardous waste (estimated at 90%) and by far has the most resources to ensure that it is dealt with responsibly at home. Thus the Basel Ban Decision and Amendment were meant to apply only to these countries. In 1995, the Parties created Annex VII and included the EU countries as well as Liechtenstein (an EFTA member country).

European Union: The Basel Convention allows political or economic integration organizations to join the Convention as Parties to it. The European Commission of the European Economic Community, now known as the European Union, has ratified the Convention as have most of their member states. When it comes time to vote in the Convention, ordinarily the European Commission has the competence to vote the 27 votes of the member states plus one vote for the Commission as a bloc of 28. While the competence over ratification of the treaty itself or its amendments remains the subject of some controversy, it is generally accepted that the European Commission possesses the competence for ratification or accession especially over treaties related to trade. With respect to the Basel Ban Amendment which the Commission has ratified while individual member states have not all taken the somewhat redundant step of likewise ratifying, our table records the Commission and all of the EU countries which (in total 28), while not all having deposited individual ratifications, nevertheless are bound by the Basel Ban as having “Implemented!” it in national law as required by the Waste Shipment Regulation of the European Union.

European Economic Agreement: Additionally the countries of Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway, all members of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) are also bound by the implementation legislation 259/93 and amendments (see below) due to their obligations under the trade linking agreement between EFTA and the EU known as the European Economic Agreement (EEA). As Norway has ratified the Basel Ban Amendment outright, it is listed as a ratifier of the Basel Ban Amendment while Iceland and Liechtenstein are listed as having implemented it.

Basel Ban:

Decision II/12: This decision was passed by a consensus of the 66 Parties at the Second Conference of Parties of the Basel Convention on 25 March 1994. All exports of hazardous wastes from OECD to non-OECD countries would be banned. The ban takes place immediately for final disposal, and for those wastes bound for recycling destinations, the ban would take effect on 31 December 1997.

An X on the table indicates the country joined in the consensus decision.

Decision III/1 and Annex VII : This decision was passed by a consensus of the Parties present at the Third Conference of Parties of the Basel Convention on 22 September 1995. It has been determined that there were 87 Parties at that time. The decision established an amendment to the Convention to establish a new Article 4A and an Annex VII. The article obligates Parties that are listed on Annex VII (country members of the OECD, EU and Liechtenstein) to ban exports of hazardous wastes to all countries not listed on Annex VII. The ban would take place immediately for final disposal, and for those wastes bound for recycling destinations, the ban would take effect on 31 December 1997. The Amendment will go into force when 66 countries (3/4ths of the 87 Parties at that time) have ratified it.

An X on the table, indicates the country joined in the consensus decision in 1995. The word “Ratified” and the country flag indicates that the country has deposited its ratification. The word “Implemented” indicates that the country has not ratified but has in fact implemented the agreement in its national policies or laws. However for a full count of ratifications visit the Deposit Box.

Regional /National Agreements:

Bamako Convention: “The Bamako Convention on the ban on the Import into Africa and the Control of Transboundary Movement and Management of Hazardous Wastes within Africa,” adopted on 29 January 1991, in Bamako, Mali, prohibits the import into Africa of any hazardous, including radioactive, wastes, as well as products which have been banned, cancelled or withdrawn from registration for environmental or health reasons. The Convention entered into force on April 22, 1998.

http://www.africa-union.org/root/au/Documents/Treaties/List/Bamako Convention.pdf

The word “Bamako” in the table indicates a country that has ratified the Bamako Convention.

EU Waste Shipment Regulation: The Regulation (EC) No. 1013/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 June 2006 on shipments of waste implements the Basel Convention and the Basel Ban Amendment (III/1) as well as the relevant OECD agreements into binding EU law applicable in all EU member states and EFTA member states by virtue of the EEA agreement.

The letters “EU” in the table indicates a member state of the European Union for which the above regulation is binding law.

WEEE Regulation (as Recast with new Annex VI on Shipments)

Central American Agreement: The Central American Agreement on Hazardous Waste “Acuerdo Regional sobre MovimientoTransfronterizo de Desechos Peligrosos” signed in December of 1992 by the Cumbre de Presidentes del Istmo Centroamericano, creates a ban on the import of all hazardous wastes into the Central American region. The agreement is understood to currently be binding on all 6 member states. The Agreement defines hazardous waste as does the Bamako Convention above.

The letters “CAA” in the table indicates a member state for which the agreement is in force.

Waigani Convention: “The Convention to Ban the Importation into Forum Island Countries of Hazardous and Radioactive Wastes and to Control the Transboundary Movement and Management of Hazardous Wastes within the South Pacific Region” was adopted on the 16 September 1995, in Waigani, Papua New Guinea by the South Pacific Forum States. The treaty prohibits each Pacific Island developing Party from importing all hazardous and radioactive wastes from outside of the Convention area. Australia and New Zealand are prohibited from exporting hazardous or radioactive wastes to all other South Pacific Forum Island countries. The Convention is now in force.

The word “Waigani” in the table indicates a country which has signed the Convention.

Izmir Protocol: The Parties to the Convention for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea against Pollution, (Barcelona Convention) adopted the “Protocol on the Prevention of Pollution of the Mediterranean Sea by Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal” (Izmir Protocol) on 1 October 1996 in Izmir, Turkey. The protocol prohibits the export of hazardous and radioactive wastes to non-OECD countries and those Parties that are not members of the European Community are prohibited from importing hazardous and radioactive wastes. For the purposes of this protocol, Monaco is considered to part of the OECD and the European Community. The protocol is in force.

The word “Izmir” in the table indicates a country that has ratified the protocol.

National Bans: While it is difficult to keep track of all national legislation banning imports or exports of hazardous wastes we have included ones known to exist.