Difference between revisions of "Country Status"

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(Status of Basel Convention and Basel Ban by Country Table)
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==Status of Basel Convention and Basel Ban by Country Table==
 
==Status of Basel Convention and Basel Ban by Country Table==
  
Last Updated: September 8, 2019.
+
Last Updated: December 4, 2019.
  
 
{| class="wikitable sortable" border="1" style="text-align: center;"
 
{| class="wikitable sortable" border="1" style="text-align: center;"
 
! style="font-weight: bold;" | Country (Annex VII shaded)
 
! style="font-weight: bold;" | Country (Annex VII shaded)
 
! style="font-weight: bold;" | Basel Party
 
! style="font-weight: bold;" | Basel Party
! style="font-weight: bold;" | Present at COP III
 
 
! style="font-weight: bold;" | Ratified Ban Amendment
 
! style="font-weight: bold;" | Ratified Ban Amendment
! style="font-weight: bold;" | Amendment ratification<br />counts towards entry into force
+
! style="font-weight: bold;" | Party to Other Accords
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Afghanistan
 
| Afghanistan
 
| 25 March 2013
 
| 25 March 2013
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 18: Line 16:
 
| Albania
 
| Albania
 
| 29 Jun 1999 (a)
 
| 29 Jun 1999 (a)
|
 
 
| Ratified!<br />27 Oct 2005 (A)
 
| Ratified!<br />27 Oct 2005 (A)
|  
+
| Izmir Protocol
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Algeria
 
| Algeria
 
| 15 Sep 1998 (a)
 
| 15 Sep 1998 (a)
|
 
 
| Ratified!<br />03 Jul 2017
 
| Ratified!<br />03 Jul 2017
|  
+
| Izmir Protocol
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Andorra
 
| Andorra
 
| 23 Jul 1999 (a)
 
| 23 Jul 1999 (a)
|
 
 
| Ratified!<br />23 Jul 1999 (A)
 
| Ratified!<br />23 Jul 1999 (A)
 
|  
 
|  
Line 37: Line 32:
 
| 06 Feb 2017 (a)
 
| 06 Feb 2017 (a)
 
|  
 
|  
|  
+
| Bamako
|
+
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Antigua and Barbuda
 
| Antigua and Barbuda
 
| 05 Apr 1993 (a)
 
| 05 Apr 1993 (a)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />23 Sep 2016
 
| Ratified!<br />23 Sep 2016
| Yes
+
|
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Argentina
 
| Argentina
 
| 27 Jun 1991 (a)
 
| 27 Jun 1991 (a)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />19 Sep 2011
 
| Ratified!<br />19 Sep 2011
| Yes
+
|
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Armenia
 
| Armenia
 
| 01 Oct 1999 (a)
 
| 01 Oct 1999 (a)
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 60: Line 51:
 
| Australia
 
| Australia
 
| 05 Feb 1992 (a)
 
| 05 Feb 1992 (a)
| Yes
 
 
|  
 
|  
|
+
| Waigini Treaty
 
|- bgcolor = "#C7C7C7"
 
|- bgcolor = "#C7C7C7"
 
| Austria
 
| Austria
 
| 12 Jan 1993 (r)
 
| 12 Jan 1993 (r)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />17 Oct 1999 (A)
 
| Ratified!<br />17 Oct 1999 (A)
| Yes
+
|
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Azerbaijan
 
| Azerbaijan
 
| 01 Jun 2001 (a)
 
| 01 Jun 2001 (a)
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 78: Line 66:
 
| Bahamas
 
| Bahamas
 
| 12 Aug 1992 (a)
 
| 12 Aug 1992 (a)
| Yes
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 84: Line 71:
 
| Bahrain
 
| Bahrain
 
| 15 Oct 1992  (r)
 
| 15 Oct 1992  (r)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />25 Jul 2005
 
| Ratified!<br />25 Jul 2005
| Yes
+
|
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Bangladesh
 
| Bangladesh
 
| 01 Apr 1993 (a)
 
| 01 Apr 1993 (a)
| Yes
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 96: Line 81:
 
| Barbados
 
| Barbados
 
| 24 Aug 1995 (a)
 
| 24 Aug 1995 (a)
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 102: Line 86:
 
| Belarus
 
| Belarus
 
| 10 Dec 1999 (a)
 
| 10 Dec 1999 (a)
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 108: Line 91:
 
| Belgium
 
| Belgium
 
| 01 Nov 1993 (r)
 
| 01 Nov 1993 (r)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />20 Jun 2003
 
| Ratified!<br />20 Jun 2003
| Yes
+
|
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Belize
 
| Belize
 
| 23 May 1997 (a)
 
| 23 May 1997 (a)
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 120: Line 101:
 
| Benin
 
| Benin
 
| 04 Dec 1997 (a)
 
| 04 Dec 1997 (a)
|
 
 
| Ratified!<br />22 Jan 2014
 
| Ratified!<br />22 Jan 2014
|  
+
| Bamako
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Bhutan
 
| Bhutan
 
| 25 Aug 2002 (a)
 
| 25 Aug 2002 (a)
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 132: Line 111:
 
| Bolivia
 
| Bolivia
 
| 15 Nov 1996 (r)
 
| 15 Nov 1996 (r)
|
 
 
| Ratified!<br />31 Mar 2005
 
| Ratified!<br />31 Mar 2005
 
|  
 
|  
Line 139: Line 117:
 
| 16 Mar 2001 (a)
 
| 16 Mar 2001 (a)
 
|  
 
|  
|  
+
| Izmir Protocol
|
+
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Botswana
 
| Botswana
 
| 20 May 1998 (a)
 
| 20 May 1998 (a)
|
 
 
| Ratified!<br />17 Jun 2004 (A)
 
| Ratified!<br />17 Jun 2004 (A)
 
|  
 
|  
Line 150: Line 126:
 
| Brazil
 
| Brazil
 
| 01 Oct 1992 (a)
 
| 01 Oct 1992 (a)
| Yes
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|
 
|
Line 156: Line 131:
 
| Brunei Darussalam
 
| Brunei Darussalam
 
| 16 Dec 2002 (a)
 
| 16 Dec 2002 (a)
|
 
 
| Ratified!<br />16 Dec 2002 (A)
 
| Ratified!<br />16 Dec 2002 (A)
 
|  
 
|  
Line 162: Line 136:
 
| Bulgaria
 
| Bulgaria
 
| 16 Feb 1996 (a)
 
| 16 Feb 1996 (a)
|
 
 
| Ratified!<br />15 Feb 2000
 
| Ratified!<br />15 Feb 2000
 
|  
 
|  
Line 169: Line 142:
 
| 04 Nov 1999 (a)
 
| 04 Nov 1999 (a)
 
|  
 
|  
|  
+
| Bamako
|
+
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Burundi
 
| Burundi
 
| 06 Jan 1997 (a)
 
| 06 Jan 1997 (a)
 
|  
 
|  
|  
+
| Bamako
|
+
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Cambodia
 
| Cambodia
 
| 02 Mar 2001 (a)
 
| 02 Mar 2001 (a)
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 187: Line 157:
 
| 02 Sep 2001 (a)
 
| 02 Sep 2001 (a)
 
|  
 
|  
|  
+
| Bamako
|
+
 
|- bgcolor = "#C7C7C7"
 
|- bgcolor = "#C7C7C7"
 
| Canada
 
| Canada
 
| 28 Aug 1992 (r)
 
| 28 Aug 1992 (r)
| Yes
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 198: Line 166:
 
| Cabo Verde
 
| Cabo Verde
 
| 02 Jul 1999 (a)
 
| 02 Jul 1999 (a)
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 204: Line 171:
 
| Central African Republic
 
| Central African Republic
 
| 24 Feb 2006 (a)
 
| 24 Feb 2006 (a)
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 211: Line 177:
 
| 10 Mar 2004 (a)
 
| 10 Mar 2004 (a)
 
|  
 
|  
|  
+
| Bamako
|
+
 
|- bgcolor = "#C7C7C7"
 
|- bgcolor = "#C7C7C7"
 
| Chile
 
| Chile
 
| 11 Aug 1992 (r)
 
| 11 Aug 1992 (r)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />12 Aug 2009 (A)
 
| Ratified!<br />12 Aug 2009 (A)
| Yes
+
|
 
|-
 
|-
 
| China
 
| China
 
| 17 Dec 1991 (r)
 
| 17 Dec 1991 (r)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />01 May 2001
 
| Ratified!<br />01 May 2001
| Yes
+
|
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Colombia
 
| Colombia
 
| 31 Dec 1996 (r)
 
| 31 Dec 1996 (r)
|
 
 
| Ratified!<br />10 Jun 2014
 
| Ratified!<br />10 Jun 2014
 
|  
 
|  
Line 234: Line 196:
 
| Comoros
 
| Comoros
 
| 31 Oct 1994 (a)
 
| 31 Oct 1994 (a)
| Yes
 
 
|  
 
|  
|
+
| Bamako
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Congo, Republic of
 
| Congo, Republic of
 
| 20 Apr 2007 (a)
 
| 20 Apr 2007 (a)
|
 
 
| Ratified!<br />02 Sept 2014
 
| Ratified!<br />02 Sept 2014
|  
+
| Bamako
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Congo, Democratic Republic of
 
| Congo, Democratic Republic of
 
| 06 Oct 1994 (a)
 
| 06 Oct 1994 (a)
| Yes
 
 
|  
 
|  
|
+
| Bamako
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Cook Islands
 
| Cook Islands
 
| 29 Jun 2004 (a)
 
| 29 Jun 2004 (a)
|
 
 
| Ratified!<br />29 Jun 2004
 
| Ratified!<br />29 Jun 2004
|  
+
| Waigini Treaty
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Costa Rica
 
| Costa Rica
 
| 07 Mar 1995 (a)
 
| 07 Mar 1995 (a)
| Yes
+
| Ratified!<br />21 Nov 2019
|
+
| CAA
|
+
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Cote d'Ivoire
 
| Cote d'Ivoire
 
| 01 Dec 1994 (a)
 
| 01 Dec 1994 (a)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />24 Sept 2013
 
| Ratified!<br />24 Sept 2013
| Yes
+
| Bamako
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Croatia
 
| Croatia
 
| 09 May 1994 (a)
 
| 09 May 1994 (a)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />6 Sep 2019
 
| Ratified!<br />6 Sep 2019
| Yes
+
| Izmir Protocol
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Cuba
 
| Cuba
 
| 03 Oct 1994 (a)
 
| 03 Oct 1994 (a)
| Yes
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|
 
|
Line 282: Line 236:
 
| Cyprus
 
| Cyprus
 
| 17 Sep 1992 (r)
 
| 17 Sep 1992 (r)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />07 Jul 2000 (A)
 
| Ratified!<br />07 Jul 2000 (A)
| Yes
+
| Izmir Protocol
 
|- bgcolor = "#C7C7C7"
 
|- bgcolor = "#C7C7C7"
 
| Czech Republic
 
| Czech Republic
 
| 30 Sep 1993 (d)
 
| 30 Sep 1993 (d)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />28 Feb 2000 (A)
 
| Ratified!<br />28 Feb 2000 (A)
| Yes
+
|
 
|- bgcolor = "#C7C7C7"
 
|- bgcolor = "#C7C7C7"
 
| Denmark
 
| Denmark
 
| 07 Feb 1994 (AA)
 
| 07 Feb 1994 (AA)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />10 Sep 1997 (AA)
 
| Ratified!<br />10 Sep 1997 (AA)
| Yes
+
|
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Djibouti
 
| Djibouti
 
| 31 May 2002 (a)
 
| 31 May 2002 (a)
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 306: Line 256:
 
| Dominica
 
| Dominica
 
| 05 May 1998 (a)
 
| 05 May 1998 (a)
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 312: Line 261:
 
| Domican Republic
 
| Domican Republic
 
| 10 Jul 2000 (a)
 
| 10 Jul 2000 (a)
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|-
 
|-
 
| East Timor
 
| East Timor
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 324: Line 271:
 
| Ecuador
 
| Ecuador
 
| 23 Feb 1993 (r)
 
| 23 Feb 1993 (r)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />06 Mar 1998
 
| Ratified!<br />06 Mar 1998
| Yes
+
|
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Egypt
 
| Egypt
 
| 08 Jan 1993 (a)
 
| 08 Jan 1993 (a)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />27 Jan 2004
 
| Ratified!<br />27 Jan 2004
| Yes
+
| Bamako<br />Izmir Protocol
 
|-
 
|-
 
| El Salvador
 
| El Salvador
 
| 13 Dec 1991 (r)
 
| 13 Dec 1991 (r)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />07 Dec 2015  
 
| Ratified!<br />07 Dec 2015  
| Yes
+
| CAA
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Equatorial Guinea
 
| Equatorial Guinea
 
| 07 Feb 2003 (a)
 
| 07 Feb 2003 (a)
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 348: Line 291:
 
| Eritrea
 
| Eritrea
 
| 10 Mar 2005 (a)
 
| 10 Mar 2005 (a)
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 354: Line 296:
 
| Estonia
 
| Estonia
 
| 21 Jul 1992 (a)
 
| 21 Jul 1992 (a)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />02 Aug 2001
 
| Ratified!<br />02 Aug 2001
| Yes
+
|
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Ethiopia
 
| Ethiopia
 
| 12 Apr 2000 (a)
 
| 12 Apr 2000 (a)
|
 
 
| Ratified!<br />08 Oct 2003
 
| Ratified!<br />08 Oct 2003
|  
+
| Bamako
 
|- bgcolor = "#C7C7C7"
 
|- bgcolor = "#C7C7C7"
 
| European Union
 
| European Union
 
| 07 Feb 1994 (AA)
 
| 07 Feb 1994 (AA)
|
 
 
| Ratified!<br />30 Sep 1997 (AA)
 
| Ratified!<br />30 Sep 1997 (AA)
| Yes
+
| Izmir Protocol
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Fiji
 
| Fiji
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
|  
+
| Waigini Treaty
|
+
 
|- bgcolor = "#C7C7C7"
 
|- bgcolor = "#C7C7C7"
 
| Finland
 
| Finland
 
| 19 Nov 1991 (A)
 
| 19 Nov 1991 (A)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />05 Sep 1996 (A)
 
| Ratified!<br />05 Sep 1996 (A)
| Yes
+
|
 
|- bgcolor = "#C7C7C7"
 
|- bgcolor = "#C7C7C7"
 
| France
 
| France
 
| 07 Jan 1991 (AA)
 
| 07 Jan 1991 (AA)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />18 Nov 2003 (AA)
 
| Ratified!<br />18 Nov 2003 (AA)
| Yes
+
| Izmir Protocol
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Gabon
 
| Gabon
 
| 06 Jun 2008 (a)
 
| 06 Jun 2008 (a)
 
|  
 
|  
|  
+
| Bamako
|
+
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Gambia
 
| Gambia
 
| 15 Dec 1997 (a)
 
| 15 Dec 1997 (a)
|
 
 
| Ratified!<br />07 Mar 2001
 
| Ratified!<br />07 Mar 2001
|  
+
| Bamako
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Georgia
 
| Georgia
 
| 20 May 1999 (a)
 
| 20 May 1999 (a)
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 408: Line 341:
 
| Germany
 
| Germany
 
| 21 Apr 1995 (r)
 
| 21 Apr 1995 (r)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />24 May 2002 (A)
 
| Ratified!<br />24 May 2002 (A)
| Yes
+
|
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Ghana
 
| Ghana
 
| 20 May 2003 (a)
 
| 20 May 2003 (a)
|
 
 
| Ratified!<br />09 Jun 2005
 
| Ratified!<br />09 Jun 2005
 
|  
 
|  
Line 420: Line 351:
 
| Greece
 
| Greece
 
| 04 Aug 1994 (r)
 
| 04 Aug 1994 (r)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />12 Jul 2010
 
| Ratified!<br />12 Jul 2010
| Yes
+
| Izmir Protocol
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Grenada
 
| Grenada
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 432: Line 361:
 
| Guatemala
 
| Guatemala
 
| 15 May 1995 (r)
 
| 15 May 1995 (r)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />26 Dec 2013
 
| Ratified!<br />26 Dec 2013
| Yes
+
| CAA
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Guinea
 
| Guinea
 
| 26 Apr 1995 (r)
 
| 26 Apr 1995 (r)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />06 Feb 2017
 
| Ratified!<br />06 Feb 2017
| Yes
+
|
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Guinea-Bissau
 
| Guinea-Bissau
 
| 09 Feb 2005 (a)
 
| 09 Feb 2005 (a)
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 450: Line 376:
 
| Guyana
 
| Guyana
 
| 05 Apr 1002 (a)
 
| 05 Apr 1002 (a)
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 456: Line 381:
 
| Haiti
 
| Haiti
 
| signature
 
| signature
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 463: Line 387:
 
| 27 Dec 1995 (a)
 
| 27 Dec 1995 (a)
 
|  
 
|  
|  
+
| CAA
|
+
 
|- bgcolor = "#C7C7C7"
 
|- bgcolor = "#C7C7C7"
 
| Hungary
 
| Hungary
 
| 21 May 1990 (AA)
 
| 21 May 1990 (AA)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />25 May 2004 (AA)
 
| Ratified!<br />25 May 2004 (AA)
| Yes
+
|
 
|- bgcolor = "#C7C7C7"
 
|- bgcolor = "#C7C7C7"
 
| Iceland
 
| Iceland
 
| 28 Jun 1995 (a)
 
| 28 Jun 1995 (a)
|
 
 
|
 
|
 
|
 
|
Line 480: Line 401:
 
| India
 
| India
 
| 24 Jun 1992 (r)
 
| 24 Jun 1992 (r)
| Yes
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|
 
|
Line 486: Line 406:
 
| Indonesia
 
| Indonesia
 
| 20 Sep 1993 (a)
 
| 20 Sep 1993 (a)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />24 Oct 2005
 
| Ratified!<br />24 Oct 2005
| Yes
+
|
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Iran, Islamic Republic of
 
| Iran, Islamic Republic of
 
| 05 Jan 1993 (a)
 
| 05 Jan 1993 (a)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />12 Jan 2016  
 
| Ratified!<br />12 Jan 2016  
| Yes
+
|
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Iraq
 
| Iraq
 
| 07 Feb 1994 (r)
 
| 07 Feb 1994 (r)
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 504: Line 421:
 
| Ireland
 
| Ireland
 
| 07 Feb 1994 (r)
 
| 07 Feb 1994 (r)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />13 Nov 2009
 
| Ratified!<br />13 Nov 2009
| Yes
+
|
 
|- bgcolor = "#C7C7C7"
 
|- bgcolor = "#C7C7C7"
 
| Israel
 
| Israel
 
| 04 Dec 1994 (r)
 
| 04 Dec 1994 (r)
| Yes
 
|
 
 
|
 
|
 +
| Izmir Protocol
 
|- bgcolor = "#C7C7C7"
 
|- bgcolor = "#C7C7C7"
 
| Italy
 
| Italy
 
| 07 Feb 1994 (r)
 
| 07 Feb 1994 (r)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />03 Mar 2009
 
| Ratified!<br />03 Mar 2009
| Yes
+
| Izmir Protocol
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Jamaica
 
| Jamaica
 
| 23 Jan 2003 (a)
 
| 23 Jan 2003 (a)
|
 
 
| Ratified!<br />29 Sep 2015
 
| Ratified!<br />29 Sep 2015
 
|  
 
|  
Line 528: Line 441:
 
| Japan
 
| Japan
 
| 17 Sep 1993 (a)
 
| 17 Sep 1993 (a)
| Yes
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|
 
|
Line 534: Line 446:
 
| Jordan
 
| Jordan
 
| 22 Jun 1989 (AA)
 
| 22 Jun 1989 (AA)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />06 Dec 2004 (AA)
 
| Ratified!<br />06 Dec 2004 (AA)
| Yes
+
|
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Kazakhstan
 
| Kazakhstan
 
| 03 Jn 2003 (a)
 
| 03 Jn 2003 (a)
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 546: Line 456:
 
| Kenya
 
| Kenya
 
| 01 Jun 2000 (a)
 
| 01 Jun 2000 (a)
|
 
 
| Ratified!<br />09 Sep 1009 (A)
 
| Ratified!<br />09 Sep 1009 (A)
 
|  
 
|  
Line 553: Line 462:
 
| 07 Sep 2000 (a)
 
| 07 Sep 2000 (a)
 
|  
 
|  
|  
+
| Waigini Treaty
|
+
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Korea, Democratic People's Republic of
 
| Korea, Democratic People's Republic of
 
| 10 Jul 2008 (a)
 
| 10 Jul 2008 (a)
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 564: Line 471:
 
| Korea, Republic of
 
| Korea, Republic of
 
| 28 Feb 1994 (a)
 
| 28 Feb 1994 (a)
| Yes
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|
 
|
Line 570: Line 476:
 
| Kuwait
 
| Kuwait
 
| 11 Oct 1993 (r)
 
| 11 Oct 1993 (r)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />12 May 2006
 
| Ratified!<br />12 May 2006
| Yes
+
|
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Kyrgyzstan
 
| Kyrgyzstan
 
| 13 Aug 1996 (a)
 
| 13 Aug 1996 (a)
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 582: Line 486:
 
| Lao, People's Democratic Republic
 
| Lao, People's Democratic Republic
 
| 21 Sep 2010 (a)
 
| 21 Sep 2010 (a)
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 588: Line 491:
 
| Latvia
 
| Latvia
 
| 14 Apr 1992 (a)
 
| 14 Apr 1992 (a)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />18 Dec 2003 (A)
 
| Ratified!<br />18 Dec 2003 (A)
| Yes
+
|
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Lebanon
 
| Lebanon
 
| 21 Dec 1994 (r)
 
| 21 Dec 1994 (r)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />13 Oct 2017 (A)
 
| Ratified!<br />13 Oct 2017 (A)
| Yes
+
| Izmir Protocol
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Lesotho
 
| Lesotho
 
| 31 May 2000 (a)
 
| 31 May 2000 (a)
|
 
 
| Ratified!<br />22 Feb 2012 (A)
 
| Ratified!<br />22 Feb 2012 (A)
 
|  
 
|  
Line 606: Line 506:
 
| Liberia
 
| Liberia
 
| 22 Sep 2004 (a)
 
| 22 Sep 2004 (a)
|
 
 
| Ratified!<br />16 Sep 2005 (A)
 
| Ratified!<br />16 Sep 2005 (A)
|  
+
| Bamako
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Libya
 
| Libya
 
| 12 Jul 2001 (a)
 
| 12 Jul 2001 (a)
 
|  
 
|  
|  
+
| Bamako<br />Izmir Protocol
|
+
 
|- bgcolor = "#C7C7C7"
 
|- bgcolor = "#C7C7C7"
 
| Liechtenstein
 
| Liechtenstein
 
| 27 Jan 1992 (r)
 
| 27 Jan 1992 (r)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />20 May 2003 (A)
 
| Ratified!<br />20 May 2003 (A)
| Yes
+
|
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Lithuania
 
| Lithuania
 
| 24 Apr 1999 (a)
 
| 24 Apr 1999 (a)
|
 
 
| Ratified!<br />07 Nov 2003 (A)
 
| Ratified!<br />07 Nov 2003 (A)
 
|  
 
|  
Line 630: Line 526:
 
| Luxembourg
 
| Luxembourg
 
| 07 Feb 1994 (r)
 
| 07 Feb 1994 (r)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />14 Aug 1997
 
| Ratified!<br />14 Aug 1997
| Yes
+
|
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Madagascar
 
| Madagascar
 
| 02 Jun 1999 (a)
 
| 02 Jun 1999 (a)
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 642: Line 536:
 
| Malawi
 
| Malawi
 
| 21 Apr 1994 (a)
 
| 21 Apr 1994 (a)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />01 Aug 2017
 
| Ratified!<br />01 Aug 2017
| Yes
+
|
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Malaysia
 
| Malaysia
 
| 08 Oct 1993 (a)
 
| 08 Oct 1993 (a)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />26 Oct 2001
 
| Ratified!<br />26 Oct 2001
| Yes
+
|
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Maldives
 
| Maldives
 
| 28 Apr 1992 (a)
 
| 28 Apr 1992 (a)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />19 Jun 2017
 
| Ratified!<br />19 Jun 2017
| Yes
+
|
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Mali
 
| Mali
 
| 12 May 2000 (a)
 
| 12 May 2000 (a)
 
|  
 
|  
|  
+
| Bamako
|
+
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Malta
 
| Malta
 
| 19 Jun 2000 (a)
 
| 19 Jun 2000 (a)
|
 
 
| Ratified!<br />12 Dec 2011 (A)
 
| Ratified!<br />12 Dec 2011 (A)
|  
+
| Izmir Protocol
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Marshall Islands
 
| Marshall Islands
 
| 27 Jan 2003 (a)
 
| 27 Jan 2003 (a)
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 678: Line 566:
 
| Mauritania
 
| Mauritania
 
| 16 Aug 1996 (a)
 
| 16 Aug 1996 (a)
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 684: Line 571:
 
| Mauritius
 
| Mauritius
 
| 24 Nov 1992 (a)
 
| 24 Nov 1992 (a)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />09 Nov 2004
 
| Ratified!<br />09 Nov 2004
| Yes
+
| Bamako
 
|- bgcolor = "#C7C7C7"
 
|- bgcolor = "#C7C7C7"
 
| Mexico
 
| Mexico
 
| 22 Feb 1992 (r)
 
| 22 Feb 1992 (r)
| Yes
 
 
|
 
|
 
|
 
|
Line 697: Line 582:
 
| 06 Sep 1995 (a)
 
| 06 Sep 1995 (a)
 
|  
 
|  
|  
+
| Waigini Treaty
|
+
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Moldova, Republic of
 
| Moldova, Republic of
 
| 02 Jul 1998 (a)
 
| 02 Jul 1998 (a)
|
 
 
| Ratified!<br />18 Nov 2008 (A)
 
| Ratified!<br />18 Nov 2008 (A)
 
|  
 
|  
Line 708: Line 591:
 
| Monaco
 
| Monaco
 
| 31 Aug 1992 (a)
 
| 31 Aug 1992 (a)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />20 Mar 2013 (AA)
 
| Ratified!<br />20 Mar 2013 (AA)
| Yes
+
| Izmir Protocol
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Mongolia
 
| Mongolia
 
| 15 Apr 1997 (a)
 
| 15 Apr 1997 (a)
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 720: Line 601:
 
| Montenegro
 
| Montenegro
 
| 23 Oct 2006 (d)
 
| 23 Oct 2006 (d)
|
 
 
| Ratified!<br />23 Oct 2006 (d)
 
| Ratified!<br />23 Oct 2006 (d)
|  
+
| Izmir Protocol
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Morocco
 
| Morocco
 
| 28 Dec 1995 (a)
 
| 28 Dec 1995 (a)
|
 
 
| Ratified!<br />Sep 2004 (AA)
 
| Ratified!<br />Sep 2004 (AA)
|  
+
| Izmir Protocol
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Mozambique
 
| Mozambique
 
| 13 Mar 1997 (a)
 
| 13 Mar 1997 (a)
 
|  
 
|  
|  
+
| Bamako
|
+
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Myanmar
 
| Myanmar
 
| 96 Jan 2015 (A)
 
| 96 Jan 2015 (A)
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 744: Line 621:
 
| Namibia
 
| Namibia
 
| 15 May 1995 (a)
 
| 15 May 1995 (a)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />31 Aug 2018 (A)
 
| Ratified!<br />31 Aug 2018 (A)
| Yes
+
|
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Nauru
 
| Nauru
 
| 12 Nov 2001 (a)
 
| 12 Nov 2001 (a)
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 756: Line 631:
 
| Nepal
 
| Nepal
 
| 15 Oct 1996 (a)
 
| 15 Oct 1996 (a)
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 762: Line 636:
 
| Netherlands
 
| Netherlands
 
| 16 Apr 1993 (A)
 
| 16 Apr 1993 (A)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />22 Jan 2001 (A)
 
| Ratified!<br />22 Jan 2001 (A)
| Yes
+
|
 
|- bgcolor = "#C7C7C7"
 
|- bgcolor = "#C7C7C7"
 
| New Zealand
 
| New Zealand
 
| 20 Dec 1994 (r)
 
| 20 Dec 1994 (r)
| Yes
 
 
|  
 
|  
|
+
| Waigini Treaty
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Nicaragua
 
| Nicaragua
 
| 03 Jun 1997 (a)
 
| 03 Jun 1997 (a)
 
|  
 
|  
|  
+
| CAA
|
+
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Niger
 
| Niger
 
| 17 Jun 1998 (AA)
 
| 17 Jun 1998 (AA)
|
 
 
| Ratified!<br />15 Nov 2015
 
| Ratified!<br />15 Nov 2015
|  
+
| Bamako
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Nigeria
 
| Nigeria
 
| 13 Mar 1991 (r)
 
| 13 Mar 1991 (r)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />24 May 2004
 
| Ratified!<br />24 May 2004
| Yes
+
|
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Niue
 
| Niue
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 798: Line 666:
 
| Norway
 
| Norway
 
| 02 Jul 1990 (r)
 
| 02 Jul 1990 (r)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />16 Jul 1997 (A)
 
| Ratified!<br />16 Jul 1997 (A)
| Yes
+
|
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Oman
 
| Oman
 
| 08 Feb 1995 (a)
 
| 08 Feb 1995 (a)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />17 May 2004
 
| Ratified!<br />17 May 2004
| Yes
+
|
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Pakistan
 
| Pakistan
 
| 26 Jul 1994 (a)
 
| 26 Jul 1994 (a)
| Yes
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|
 
|
Line 816: Line 681:
 
| Palau
 
| Palau
 
| 08 Sep 2011 (a)
 
| 08 Sep 2011 (a)
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 822: Line 686:
 
| Panama
 
| Panama
 
| 22 Feb 1991 (r)
 
| 22 Feb 1991 (r)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />07 Oct 1998
 
| Ratified!<br />07 Oct 1998
| Yes
+
| CAA
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Papua New Guinea
 
| Papua New Guinea
 
| 01 Sep 1995 (a)
 
| 01 Sep 1995 (a)
 
|  
 
|  
|  
+
| Waigini Treaty
|
+
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Paraguay
 
| Paraguay
 
| 28 Sep 1995 (a)
 
| 28 Sep 1995 (a)
|
 
 
| Ratified!<br />28 Aug 1998
 
| Ratified!<br />28 Aug 1998
 
|  
 
|  
Line 840: Line 701:
 
| Peru
 
| Peru
 
| 23 Nov 1993 (a)
 
| 23 Nov 1993 (a)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />30 Mar 2015 (A)
 
| Ratified!<br />30 Mar 2015 (A)
| Yes
+
|
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Philippines
 
| Philippines
 
| 21 Oct 1993 (r)
 
| 21 Oct 1993 (r)
| Yes
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|
 
|
Line 852: Line 711:
 
| Poland
 
| Poland
 
| 20 Mar 1992 (r)
 
| 20 Mar 1992 (r)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />29 Jan 2003 (A)
 
| Ratified!<br />29 Jan 2003 (A)
| Yes
+
|
 
|- bgcolor = "#C7C7C7"
 
|- bgcolor = "#C7C7C7"
 
| Portugal
 
| Portugal
 
| 26 Jan 1994 (r)
 
| 26 Jan 1994 (r)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />30 Oct 2000
 
| Ratified!<br />30 Oct 2000
| Yes
+
|
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Qatar
 
| Qatar
 
| 09 Aug 1995 (a)
 
| 09 Aug 1995 (a)
|
 
 
| Ratified!<br />28 Feb 2002
 
| Ratified!<br />28 Feb 2002
| Yes
+
|
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Romania
 
| Romania
 
| 27 Feb 1992 (a)
 
| 27 Feb 1992 (a)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />17 Jul 2002 (A)
 
| Ratified!<br />17 Jul 2002 (A)
| Yes
+
|
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Russian Federation
 
| Russian Federation
 
| 31 Jan 1995 (r)
 
| 31 Jan 1995 (r)
| Yes
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|
 
|
Line 883: Line 737:
 
| 07 Jan 2004 (a)
 
| 07 Jan 2004 (a)
 
|  
 
|  
|  
+
| Bamako
|
+
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Saint Kitts and Nevis
 
| Saint Kitts and Nevis
 
| 07 Sep 1994 (a)
 
| 07 Sep 1994 (a)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />29 Aug 2019
 
| Ratified!<br />29 Aug 2019
| Yes
+
|
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Saint Lucia
 
| Saint Lucia
 
| 09 Dec 1993 (a)
 
| 09 Dec 1993 (a)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />22 Jan 2002
 
| Ratified!<br />22 Jan 2002
| Yes
+
|
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Saint Vincent and Granadines
 
| Saint Vincent and Granadines
 
| 02 Dec 1996 (a)
 
| 02 Dec 1996 (a)
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 907: Line 757:
 
| 22 Mar 2002 (a)
 
| 22 Mar 2002 (a)
 
|  
 
|  
|  
+
| Waigini Treaty
|
+
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Sao Tome and Principe
 
| Sao Tome and Principe
 
| 12 Nov 2013 (a)
 
| 12 Nov 2013 (a)
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 918: Line 766:
 
| Saudi Arabia
 
| Saudi Arabia
 
| 07 Mar 1990 (r)
 
| 07 Mar 1990 (r)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />10 Jan 2013
 
| Ratified!<br />10 Jan 2013
| Yes
+
|
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Senegal
 
| Senegal
 
| 10 Nov 1992 (a)
 
| 10 Nov 1992 (a)
| Yes
 
 
|  
 
|  
|
+
| Bamako
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Serbia
 
| Serbia
 
| 18 Apr 2000 (a)
 
| 18 Apr 2000 (a)
|
 
 
| Ratified!<br />22 Nov 2002 (A)
 
| Ratified!<br />22 Nov 2002 (A)
 
|  
 
|  
Line 936: Line 781:
 
| Seychelles
 
| Seychelles
 
| 11 May 1993 (A)
 
| 11 May 1993 (A)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />15 Jul 2015
 
| Ratified!<br />15 Jul 2015
| Yes
+
|
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Sierra Leone
 
| Sierra Leone
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 948: Line 791:
 
| Singapore
 
| Singapore
 
| 02 Jan 1996 (a)
 
| 02 Jan 1996 (a)
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 954: Line 796:
 
| Slovak Republic
 
| Slovak Republic
 
| 28 May 1993 (d)
 
| 28 May 1993 (d)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />11 Sep 1998 (A)
 
| Ratified!<br />11 Sep 1998 (A)
| Yes
+
|
 
|- bgcolor = "#C7C7C7"
 
|- bgcolor = "#C7C7C7"
 
| Slovenia
 
| Slovenia
 
| 07 Oct 1993 (a)
 
| 07 Oct 1993 (a)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />01 Dec 2004
 
| Ratified!<br />01 Dec 2004
| Yes
+
| Izmir Protocol
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Solomon Islands
 
| Solomon Islands
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
|  
+
| Waigini Treaty
|
+
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Somalia
 
| Somalia
 
| 26 Jul 2010 (a)
 
| 26 Jul 2010 (a)
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 978: Line 816:
 
| South Africa
 
| South Africa
 
| 05 May 1994 (a)
 
| 05 May 1994 (a)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />24 Jun 2016
 
| Ratified!<br />24 Jun 2016
| Yes
+
|
 
|-
 
|-
 
| South Sudan
 
| South Sudan
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
|  
+
| Bamako
|
+
 
|- bgcolor = "#C7C7C7"
 
|- bgcolor = "#C7C7C7"
 
| Spain
 
| Spain
 
| 07 Feb 1994 (r)
 
| 07 Feb 1994 (r)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />07 Aug 1997 (A)
 
| Ratified!<br />07 Aug 1997 (A)
| Yes
+
| Izmir Protocol
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Sri Lanka
 
| Sri Lanka
 
| 28 Aug 1992 (a)
 
| 28 Aug 1992 (a)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />29 Jan 1999
 
| Ratified!<br />29 Jan 1999
| Yes
+
|
 
|-
 
|-
 
| State of Palestine
 
| State of Palestine
 
| 02 Jan 2015 (a)
 
| 02 Jan 2015 (a)
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 1,008: Line 841:
 
| Sudan
 
| Sudan
 
| 09 Jan 2006 (a)
 
| 09 Jan 2006 (a)
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 1,014: Line 846:
 
| Suriname
 
| Suriname
 
| 20 Sep 2011 (a)
 
| 20 Sep 2011 (a)
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 1,020: Line 851:
 
| Swaziland
 
| Swaziland
 
| 08 Aug 2005 (a)
 
| 08 Aug 2005 (a)
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 1,026: Line 856:
 
| Sweden
 
| Sweden
 
| 02 Aug 1991 (r)
 
| 02 Aug 1991 (r)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />10 Sep 1997 (A)
 
| Ratified!<br />10 Sep 1997 (A)
| Yes
+
|
 
|- bgcolor = "#C7C7C7"
 
|- bgcolor = "#C7C7C7"
 
| Switzerland
 
| Switzerland
 
| 31 Jan 1990 (r)
 
| 31 Jan 1990 (r)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />07 Nov 2002 (A)
 
| Ratified!<br />07 Nov 2002 (A)
| Yes
+
|
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Syrian Arab Republic
 
| Syrian Arab Republic
 
| 22 Jan 1992 (r)
 
| 22 Jan 1992 (r)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />05 Oct 2004
 
| Ratified!<br />05 Oct 2004
| Yes
+
| Izmir Protocol
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Tanzania, United Republic of
 
| Tanzania, United Republic of
 
| 07 Apr 1993 (a)
 
| 07 Apr 1993 (a)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />26 Aug 2002
 
| Ratified!<br />26 Aug 2002
| Yes
+
| Bamako
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Tajikstan
 
| Tajikstan
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 1,056: Line 881:
 
| Thailand
 
| Thailand
 
| 24 Nov 1997 (r)
 
| 24 Nov 1997 (r)
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 1,062: Line 886:
 
| The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
 
| The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
 
| 16 Feb 1997 (a)
 
| 16 Feb 1997 (a)
|
 
 
| Ratified!<br />18 Nov 2004
 
| Ratified!<br />18 Nov 2004
 
|  
 
|  
Line 1,069: Line 892:
 
| 02 Jul 2004 (a)
 
| 02 Jul 2004 (a)
 
|  
 
|  
|  
+
| Bamako
|
+
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Tonga
 
| Tonga
 
| 26 Mar 2010 (a)
 
| 26 Mar 2010 (a)
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 1,080: Line 901:
 
| Trinidad and Tobago
 
| Trinidad and Tobago
 
| 18 Feb 1994 (a)
 
| 18 Feb 1994 (a)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />12 Jan 2000
 
| Ratified!<br />12 Jan 2000
| Yes
+
|
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Tunisia
 
| Tunisia
 
| 11 Oct 1995 (a)
 
| 11 Oct 1995 (a)
|
 
 
| Ratified!<br />26 Mar 1999
 
| Ratified!<br />26 Mar 1999
|  
+
| Bamako<br />Izmir Protocol
 
|- bgcolor = "#C7C7C7"
 
|- bgcolor = "#C7C7C7"
 
| Turkey
 
| Turkey
 
| 22 Jun 1994 (r)
 
| 22 Jun 1994 (r)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />27 Aug 2003
 
| Ratified!<br />27 Aug 2003
| Yes
+
| Izmir Protocol
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Turkmenistan
 
| Turkmenistan
 
| 25 Sep 1996 (a)
 
| 25 Sep 1996 (a)
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 1,105: Line 922:
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
|  
+
| Waigini Treaty
|
+
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Uganda
 
| Uganda
 
| 11 Mar 1999 (a)
 
| 11 Mar 1999 (a)
 
|  
 
|  
|  
+
| Bamako
|
+
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Ukraine
 
| Ukraine
 
| 08 Oct 1999 (a)
 
| 08 Oct 1999 (a)
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 1,122: Line 936:
 
| United Arab Emirates
 
| United Arab Emirates
 
| 17 Nov 1992 (r)
 
| 17 Nov 1992 (r)
| Yes
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|
 
|
Line 1,128: Line 941:
 
| United Kingdom
 
| United Kingdom
 
| 07 Feb 1994 (r)
 
| 07 Feb 1994 (r)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />13 Oct 1997
 
| Ratified!<br />13 Oct 1997
| Yes
+
|
 
|- bgcolor = "#C7C7C7"
 
|- bgcolor = "#C7C7C7"
 
| United States
 
| United States
 
| signature
 
| signature
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 1,140: Line 951:
 
| Uruguay
 
| Uruguay
 
| 22 Dec 1991 (r)
 
| 22 Dec 1991 (r)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />10 Mar 1999
 
| Ratified!<br />10 Mar 1999
| Yes
+
|
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Uzbekistan
 
| Uzbekistan
 
| 07 Feb 1996 (a)
 
| 07 Feb 1996 (a)
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 1,152: Line 961:
 
| Vanuatu
 
| Vanuatu
 
| 16 Oct 2018 (a)
 
| 16 Oct 2018 (a)
 
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 1,159: Line 966:
 
| Venezuela
 
| Venezuela
 
| 03 Mar 1998 (r)
 
| 03 Mar 1998 (r)
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 1,165: Line 971:
 
| Viet Nam
 
| Viet Nam
 
| 13 Mar 1995 (a)
 
| 13 Mar 1995 (a)
| Yes
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 1,171: Line 976:
 
| Yemen, Repiblcic of
 
| Yemen, Repiblcic of
 
| 21 Feb 1996 (a)
 
| 21 Feb 1996 (a)
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 1,177: Line 981:
 
| Zambia
 
| Zambia
 
| 15 Nov 1994 (a)
 
| 15 Nov 1994 (a)
| Yes
 
 
| Ratified!<br />27 Jul 2011
 
| Ratified!<br />27 Jul 2011
| Yes
+
|
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Zimbabwe
 
| Zimbabwe
 
| 01 Mar 2012 (a)
 
| 01 Mar 2012 (a)
 
|  
 
|  
|  
+
| Bamako
|
+
 
|-
 
|-
 
! style="font-weight: bold;" | Totals
 
! style="font-weight: bold;" | Totals
 
! style="font-weight: bold;" | Basel party count
 
! style="font-weight: bold;" | Basel party count
! style="font-weight: bold;" | Present at COP III
 
 
! style="font-weight: bold;" | Ratified
 
! style="font-weight: bold;" | Ratified
! style="font-weight: bold;" | Count towards entry into force
+
! style="font-weight: bold;" |  
 
|-
 
|-
 
! style="font-weight: bold;" |  
 
! style="font-weight: bold;" |  
 
! style="font-weight: bold;" | 187
 
! style="font-weight: bold;" | 187
! style="font-weight: bold;" | 87
 
 
! style="font-weight: bold;" | 97
 
! style="font-weight: bold;" | 97
! style="font-weight: bold;" | 66
+
! style="font-weight: bold;" | Bamako (28)<br />Waigani Treaty (10)<br />CAA (6)<br />Izmir Protocol (22)
 
|}
 
|}
 
'''* Gray shading indicates an Annex VII country.'''
 
'''* Gray shading indicates an Annex VII country.'''

Revision as of 10:24, 4 December 2019

Status of Basel Convention and Basel Ban by Country Table

Last Updated: December 4, 2019.

Country (Annex VII shaded) Basel Party Ratified Ban Amendment Party to Other Accords
Afghanistan 25 March 2013
Albania 29 Jun 1999 (a) Ratified!
27 Oct 2005 (A)
Izmir Protocol
Algeria 15 Sep 1998 (a) Ratified!
03 Jul 2017
Izmir Protocol
Andorra 23 Jul 1999 (a) Ratified!
23 Jul 1999 (A)
Angola 06 Feb 2017 (a) Bamako
Antigua and Barbuda 05 Apr 1993 (a) Ratified!
23 Sep 2016
Argentina 27 Jun 1991 (a) Ratified!
19 Sep 2011
Armenia 01 Oct 1999 (a)
Australia 05 Feb 1992 (a) Waigini Treaty
Austria 12 Jan 1993 (r) Ratified!
17 Oct 1999 (A)
Azerbaijan 01 Jun 2001 (a)
Bahamas 12 Aug 1992 (a)
Bahrain 15 Oct 1992 (r) Ratified!
25 Jul 2005
Bangladesh 01 Apr 1993 (a)
Barbados 24 Aug 1995 (a)
Belarus 10 Dec 1999 (a)
Belgium 01 Nov 1993 (r) Ratified!
20 Jun 2003
Belize 23 May 1997 (a)
Benin 04 Dec 1997 (a) Ratified!
22 Jan 2014
Bamako
Bhutan 25 Aug 2002 (a)
Bolivia 15 Nov 1996 (r) Ratified!
31 Mar 2005
Bosnia and Herzegovina 16 Mar 2001 (a) Izmir Protocol
Botswana 20 May 1998 (a) Ratified!
17 Jun 2004 (A)
Brazil 01 Oct 1992 (a)
Brunei Darussalam 16 Dec 2002 (a) Ratified!
16 Dec 2002 (A)
Bulgaria 16 Feb 1996 (a) Ratified!
15 Feb 2000
Burkina Faso 04 Nov 1999 (a) Bamako
Burundi 06 Jan 1997 (a) Bamako
Cambodia 02 Mar 2001 (a)
Cameroon 02 Sep 2001 (a) Bamako
Canada 28 Aug 1992 (r)
Cabo Verde 02 Jul 1999 (a)
Central African Republic 24 Feb 2006 (a)
Chad 10 Mar 2004 (a) Bamako
Chile 11 Aug 1992 (r) Ratified!
12 Aug 2009 (A)
China 17 Dec 1991 (r) Ratified!
01 May 2001
Colombia 31 Dec 1996 (r) Ratified!
10 Jun 2014
Comoros 31 Oct 1994 (a) Bamako
Congo, Republic of 20 Apr 2007 (a) Ratified!
02 Sept 2014
Bamako
Congo, Democratic Republic of 06 Oct 1994 (a) Bamako
Cook Islands 29 Jun 2004 (a) Ratified!
29 Jun 2004
Waigini Treaty
Costa Rica 07 Mar 1995 (a) Ratified!
21 Nov 2019
CAA
Cote d'Ivoire 01 Dec 1994 (a) Ratified!
24 Sept 2013
Bamako
Croatia 09 May 1994 (a) Ratified!
6 Sep 2019
Izmir Protocol
Cuba 03 Oct 1994 (a)
Cyprus 17 Sep 1992 (r) Ratified!
07 Jul 2000 (A)
Izmir Protocol
Czech Republic 30 Sep 1993 (d) Ratified!
28 Feb 2000 (A)
Denmark 07 Feb 1994 (AA) Ratified!
10 Sep 1997 (AA)
Djibouti 31 May 2002 (a)
Dominica 05 May 1998 (a)
Domican Republic 10 Jul 2000 (a)
East Timor
Ecuador 23 Feb 1993 (r) Ratified!
06 Mar 1998
Egypt 08 Jan 1993 (a) Ratified!
27 Jan 2004
Bamako
Izmir Protocol
El Salvador 13 Dec 1991 (r) Ratified!
07 Dec 2015
CAA
Equatorial Guinea 07 Feb 2003 (a)
Eritrea 10 Mar 2005 (a)
Estonia 21 Jul 1992 (a) Ratified!
02 Aug 2001
Ethiopia 12 Apr 2000 (a) Ratified!
08 Oct 2003
Bamako
European Union 07 Feb 1994 (AA) Ratified!
30 Sep 1997 (AA)
Izmir Protocol
Fiji Waigini Treaty
Finland 19 Nov 1991 (A) Ratified!
05 Sep 1996 (A)
France 07 Jan 1991 (AA) Ratified!
18 Nov 2003 (AA)
Izmir Protocol
Gabon 06 Jun 2008 (a) Bamako
Gambia 15 Dec 1997 (a) Ratified!
07 Mar 2001
Bamako
Georgia 20 May 1999 (a)
Germany 21 Apr 1995 (r) Ratified!
24 May 2002 (A)
Ghana 20 May 2003 (a) Ratified!
09 Jun 2005
Greece 04 Aug 1994 (r) Ratified!
12 Jul 2010
Izmir Protocol
Grenada
Guatemala 15 May 1995 (r) Ratified!
26 Dec 2013
CAA
Guinea 26 Apr 1995 (r) Ratified!
06 Feb 2017
Guinea-Bissau 09 Feb 2005 (a)
Guyana 05 Apr 1002 (a)
Haiti signature
Hondura 27 Dec 1995 (a) CAA
Hungary 21 May 1990 (AA) Ratified!
25 May 2004 (AA)
Iceland 28 Jun 1995 (a)
India 24 Jun 1992 (r)
Indonesia 20 Sep 1993 (a) Ratified!
24 Oct 2005
Iran, Islamic Republic of 05 Jan 1993 (a) Ratified!
12 Jan 2016
Iraq 07 Feb 1994 (r)
Ireland 07 Feb 1994 (r) Ratified!
13 Nov 2009
Israel 04 Dec 1994 (r) Izmir Protocol
Italy 07 Feb 1994 (r) Ratified!
03 Mar 2009
Izmir Protocol
Jamaica 23 Jan 2003 (a) Ratified!
29 Sep 2015
Japan 17 Sep 1993 (a)
Jordan 22 Jun 1989 (AA) Ratified!
06 Dec 2004 (AA)
Kazakhstan 03 Jn 2003 (a)
Kenya 01 Jun 2000 (a) Ratified!
09 Sep 1009 (A)
Kiribati 07 Sep 2000 (a) Waigini Treaty
Korea, Democratic People's Republic of 10 Jul 2008 (a)
Korea, Republic of 28 Feb 1994 (a)
Kuwait 11 Oct 1993 (r) Ratified!
12 May 2006
Kyrgyzstan 13 Aug 1996 (a)
Lao, People's Democratic Republic 21 Sep 2010 (a)
Latvia 14 Apr 1992 (a) Ratified!
18 Dec 2003 (A)
Lebanon 21 Dec 1994 (r) Ratified!
13 Oct 2017 (A)
Izmir Protocol
Lesotho 31 May 2000 (a) Ratified!
22 Feb 2012 (A)
Liberia 22 Sep 2004 (a) Ratified!
16 Sep 2005 (A)
Bamako
Libya 12 Jul 2001 (a) Bamako
Izmir Protocol
Liechtenstein 27 Jan 1992 (r) Ratified!
20 May 2003 (A)
Lithuania 24 Apr 1999 (a) Ratified!
07 Nov 2003 (A)
Luxembourg 07 Feb 1994 (r) Ratified!
14 Aug 1997
Madagascar 02 Jun 1999 (a)
Malawi 21 Apr 1994 (a) Ratified!
01 Aug 2017
Malaysia 08 Oct 1993 (a) Ratified!
26 Oct 2001
Maldives 28 Apr 1992 (a) Ratified!
19 Jun 2017
Mali 12 May 2000 (a) Bamako
Malta 19 Jun 2000 (a) Ratified!
12 Dec 2011 (A)
Izmir Protocol
Marshall Islands 27 Jan 2003 (a)
Mauritania 16 Aug 1996 (a)
Mauritius 24 Nov 1992 (a) Ratified!
09 Nov 2004
Bamako
Mexico 22 Feb 1992 (r)
Micronesia, Federated States of 06 Sep 1995 (a) Waigini Treaty
Moldova, Republic of 02 Jul 1998 (a) Ratified!
18 Nov 2008 (A)
Monaco 31 Aug 1992 (a) Ratified!
20 Mar 2013 (AA)
Izmir Protocol
Mongolia 15 Apr 1997 (a)
Montenegro 23 Oct 2006 (d) Ratified!
23 Oct 2006 (d)
Izmir Protocol
Morocco 28 Dec 1995 (a) Ratified!
Sep 2004 (AA)
Izmir Protocol
Mozambique 13 Mar 1997 (a) Bamako
Myanmar 96 Jan 2015 (A)
Namibia 15 May 1995 (a) Ratified!
31 Aug 2018 (A)
Nauru 12 Nov 2001 (a)
Nepal 15 Oct 1996 (a)
Netherlands 16 Apr 1993 (A) Ratified!
22 Jan 2001 (A)
New Zealand 20 Dec 1994 (r) Waigini Treaty
Nicaragua 03 Jun 1997 (a) CAA
Niger 17 Jun 1998 (AA) Ratified!
15 Nov 2015
Bamako
Nigeria 13 Mar 1991 (r) Ratified!
24 May 2004
Niue
Norway 02 Jul 1990 (r) Ratified!
16 Jul 1997 (A)
Oman 08 Feb 1995 (a) Ratified!
17 May 2004
Pakistan 26 Jul 1994 (a)
Palau 08 Sep 2011 (a)
Panama 22 Feb 1991 (r) Ratified!
07 Oct 1998
CAA
Papua New Guinea 01 Sep 1995 (a) Waigini Treaty
Paraguay 28 Sep 1995 (a) Ratified!
28 Aug 1998
Peru 23 Nov 1993 (a) Ratified!
30 Mar 2015 (A)
Philippines 21 Oct 1993 (r)
Poland 20 Mar 1992 (r) Ratified!
29 Jan 2003 (A)
Portugal 26 Jan 1994 (r) Ratified!
30 Oct 2000
Qatar 09 Aug 1995 (a) Ratified!
28 Feb 2002
Romania 27 Feb 1992 (a) Ratified!
17 Jul 2002 (A)
Russian Federation 31 Jan 1995 (r)
Rwanda 07 Jan 2004 (a) Bamako
Saint Kitts and Nevis 07 Sep 1994 (a) Ratified!
29 Aug 2019
Saint Lucia 09 Dec 1993 (a) Ratified!
22 Jan 2002
Saint Vincent and Granadines 02 Dec 1996 (a)
Samoa 22 Mar 2002 (a) Waigini Treaty
Sao Tome and Principe 12 Nov 2013 (a)
Saudi Arabia 07 Mar 1990 (r) Ratified!
10 Jan 2013
Senegal 10 Nov 1992 (a) Bamako
Serbia 18 Apr 2000 (a) Ratified!
22 Nov 2002 (A)
Seychelles 11 May 1993 (A) Ratified!
15 Jul 2015
Sierra Leone
Singapore 02 Jan 1996 (a)
Slovak Republic 28 May 1993 (d) Ratified!
11 Sep 1998 (A)
Slovenia 07 Oct 1993 (a) Ratified!
01 Dec 2004
Izmir Protocol
Solomon Islands Waigini Treaty
Somalia 26 Jul 2010 (a)
South Africa 05 May 1994 (a) Ratified!
24 Jun 2016
South Sudan Bamako
Spain 07 Feb 1994 (r) Ratified!
07 Aug 1997 (A)
Izmir Protocol
Sri Lanka 28 Aug 1992 (a) Ratified!
29 Jan 1999
State of Palestine 02 Jan 2015 (a)
Sudan 09 Jan 2006 (a)
Suriname 20 Sep 2011 (a)
Swaziland 08 Aug 2005 (a)
Sweden 02 Aug 1991 (r) Ratified!
10 Sep 1997 (A)
Switzerland 31 Jan 1990 (r) Ratified!
07 Nov 2002 (A)
Syrian Arab Republic 22 Jan 1992 (r) Ratified!
05 Oct 2004
Izmir Protocol
Tanzania, United Republic of 07 Apr 1993 (a) Ratified!
26 Aug 2002
Bamako
Tajikstan
Thailand 24 Nov 1997 (r)
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 16 Feb 1997 (a) Ratified!
18 Nov 2004
Togo 02 Jul 2004 (a) Bamako
Tonga 26 Mar 2010 (a)
Trinidad and Tobago 18 Feb 1994 (a) Ratified!
12 Jan 2000
Tunisia 11 Oct 1995 (a) Ratified!
26 Mar 1999
Bamako
Izmir Protocol
Turkey 22 Jun 1994 (r) Ratified!
27 Aug 2003
Izmir Protocol
Turkmenistan 25 Sep 1996 (a)
Tuvalu Waigini Treaty
Uganda 11 Mar 1999 (a) Bamako
Ukraine 08 Oct 1999 (a)
United Arab Emirates 17 Nov 1992 (r)
United Kingdom 07 Feb 1994 (r) Ratified!
13 Oct 1997
United States signature
Uruguay 22 Dec 1991 (r) Ratified!
10 Mar 1999
Uzbekistan 07 Feb 1996 (a)
Vanuatu 16 Oct 2018 (a)
Venezuela 03 Mar 1998 (r)
Viet Nam 13 Mar 1995 (a)
Yemen, Repiblcic of 21 Feb 1996 (a)
Zambia 15 Nov 1994 (a) Ratified!
27 Jul 2011
Zimbabwe 01 Mar 2012 (a) Bamako
Totals Basel party count Ratified
187 97 Bamako (28)
Waigani Treaty (10)
CAA (6)
Izmir Protocol (22)

* Gray shading indicates an Annex VII country.

General Note: Due to the constant change in status of various treaties, amendments and protocols, the Basel Action Network cannot ensure the absolute accuracy of all of these listings in this table. We therefore appreciate those that will call our attention to any errors or changes in status to assist us in updating the table as accurately and in as timely a manner as possible.

Summary Explanation of Table Listings

Basel Convention

”The Basel Convention on the Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal” was adopted on 21 March 1989 and went into force on 5 May 1992. It establishes a framework of control over the transboundary movements of hazardous wastes.

As listed in the 2nd column of the table above, if a country has joined the treaty through the deposit of ratification (r), accession (a), acceptance (A) or Approval (AA) they are considered Parties as of the indicated date of deposit. The total number of such Parties is listed at bottom. If a country has signed the treaty but has not yet ratified it, this is indicated by the word “signature”.

Basel Ban Amendment

Plenipotentiaries Meeting: At the meeting of Plenipotentiaries in Basel, Switzerland in March of 1989 a great effort was made to insert a prohibition in the text of the Convention to prevent rich, developed countries from exporting their hazardous wastes to developing countries. Indeed, most developed countries believed this to be the most important reason for the Convention itself. By virtue of the consensus process by which any one country could block an agreement, they were to be disappointed when the United States and some other developed countries continually blocked different variations of the ban. At the adoption of the Convention without the ban, the African Group walked out refusing to sign, stating that they would create their own Convention in Africa which they later accomplished (Bamako Convention).

Second Conference of Parties: Following adoption of the Convention, there was an attempt to create a ban on the export of hazardous wastes from developed to developing countries at the first Conference of the Parties. The first real ban decision did not come into being until the Second Conference of the Parties. Decision II/12 was passed by a consensus of the 66 Parties present in Geneva on 25 March 1994. In this ban all exports of hazardous wastes from OECD to non-OECD countries would be banned. The ban took place immediately for final disposal, and for those wastes bound for recycling destinations, the ban took effect on 31 December 1997. However, detractors of the ban claimed that for the decision to be legally binding it need to become an amendment to the Convention. Thus at the Third Conference of the Parties a new decision III/1 was adopted to create the Basel Ban Amendment.

Third Conference of the Parties: Decision III/1 and Annex VII: Decision III/1 was passed by a consensus of the Parties present at the Third Conference of Parties of the Basel Convention on 22 September 1995 (COP3). It has been determined that there were 90 Parties at that time. The decision established an amendment to the Convention to establish a new Article 4A and an Annex VII. The article obligates Parties that are listed on Annex VII (country members of the OECD, EU and Liechtenstein) to ban exports of hazardous wastes to all countries not listed on Annex VII. Annex VII countries are indicated by the gray shading in the table above. The amendment will go into force when 68 Parties of the 90 present at COP3 have ratified the amendment. In the table above, the third column indicates if the Party was present at COP3 and the 4th column indicates whether the country has ratified to date. If a country appears on both the 3rd and 4th columns then its ratification counts towards the 68 Parties needed for entry into force of the amendment as indicated by a “yes” in the 5th column.

In the table above, the third column indicates if the country was present at COP3 and the 4th column indicates whether the country has ratified to date. If a country appears on both the 3rd and 4th columns then its ratification counts towards the 66 Parties needed for entry into force of the amendment.

As of September 6, 2019 and the Ratification by Croatia we have achieved the requisite number of Parties for Entry into Force of the Ban Amendment.

It should now enter force 90 days after -- on December 5, 2019!

Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)

When the Parties to the Convention sought to make an economic distinction between developed and developing countries in Decision II/12, they chose the divider line established by the OECD — a group which currently has 34 members and and for the most part represent the more highly developed and industrialized countries. This group by far produces the most hazardous waste (estimated at 90%) and by far has the most resources to ensure that it is dealt with responsibly at home. Thus the Basel Ban Decision and Amendment were meant to apply only to these countries. In 1995, the Parties created Annex VII and included the EU countries as well as Liechtenstein (an EFTA member country).

European Union

The Basel Convention allows political or economic integration organizations to join the Convention as Parties to it. The European Commission of the European Economic Community, now known as the European Union, has ratified the Convention as have most of their member states. When it comes time to vote in the Convention, ordinarily the European Commission has the competence to vote the 27 votes of the member states plus one vote for the Commission as a bloc of 28. While the competence over ratification of the treaty itself or its amendments remains the subject of some controversy, it is generally accepted that the European Commission possesses the competence for ratification or accession especially over treaties related to trade. With respect to the Basel Ban Amendment which the Commission has ratified while individual member states have not all taken the somewhat redundant step of likewise ratifying, our table records the Commission and all of the EU countries which (in total 28), while not all having deposited individual ratifications, nevertheless are bound by the Basel Ban as having “Implemented!” it in national law as required by the Waste Shipment Regulation of the European Union.

European Economic Agreement

Additionally the countries of Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway, all members of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) are also bound by the implementation legislation 259/93 and amendments (see below) due to their obligations under the trade linking agreement between EFTA and the EU known as the European Economic Agreement (EEA). As Norway has ratified the Basel Ban Amendment outright, it is listed as a ratifier of the Basel Ban Amendment while Iceland and Liechtenstein are listed as having implemented it.

Basel Ban

(See Ban Amendment)

Decision II/12: This decision was passed by a consensus of the 66 Parties at the Second Conference of Parties of the Basel Convention on 25 March 1994. All exports of hazardous wastes from OECD to non-OECD countries would be banned. The ban takes place immediately for final disposal, and for those wastes bound for recycling destinations, the ban would take effect on 31 December 1997.

Decision III/1 and Annex VII: This decision was passed by a consensus of the Parties present at the Third Conference of Parties of the Basel Convention on 22 September 1995. It has been determined that there were 87 Parties at that time. The decision established an amendment to the Convention to establish a new Article 4A and an Annex VII. The article obligates Parties that are listed on Annex VII (country members of the OECD, EU and Liechtenstein) to ban exports of hazardous wastes to all countries not listed on Annex VII. The ban would take place immediately for final disposal, and for those wastes bound for recycling destinations, the ban would take effect on 31 December 1997. The Amendment will go into force when 66 countries (3/4ths of the 87 Parties at that time) have ratified it.

A "Yes" on the table, indicates the country joined in the consensus decision in 1995. The word “Ratified” and the country flag indicates that the country has deposited its ratification.